Tibor Bartók

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A new, endosperm-supported callus induetion method was developed using mesocotyls of mature wheat embryos. After seed germination under aseptic condition, most of the germ tissues were cut off and only a few mm of the mesocotyl tissue with the scutellum was used for callus induction. The seeds were placed furrow downwards in 2,4-D solution (6–8 mg l-1).(More)
The main causative agents of Fusarium head blight in central Europe are Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum. We examined the mycotoxin producing ability, aggressiveness and molecular variability of F. graminearum isolates. Altogether twenty-six Hungarian, three Austrian isolates and representatives of eight species identified in the F. graminearum species(More)
Different sets of wheat genotypes were tested under field conditions by spraying inocula of isolates of seven Fusarium spp. and Microdochium nivale (formerly F. nivale) in the period 1998–2002. The severity of Fusarium head blight (FHB), Fusarium-damaged kernels (FDK), the yield reduction and the deoxynivalenol (DON) contamination were also measured to(More)
From a pro-inflammatory active extract of Euphorbia peplus, two new diterpene polyesters based on the pepluane and jatrophane skeletons were isolated, together with four known ingenane and jatrophane diterpenes. The structures were determined on the basis of extensive NMR studies. Ingenol 3-angelate, which was obtained for the first time from this plant, is(More)
Most Mucor species accumulate β-carotene as the main carotenoid. The crtW and crtZ astaxanthin biosynthesis genes from Agrobacterium aurantiacum were placed under the control of Mucor circinelloides expression signals. Expression vectors containing the bacterial genes were constructed, and PEG-mediated transformations were performed on a selected M.(More)
Twenty three strains ofFusarium graminearum isolated from corn were screened for their ability to produce type A and B trichothecenes and zearalenone (ZEA) on the solid substrate rice grains in the dark at 28 °C for 21 days. Toxin analyses were made with HPLC technique. Of 23 total isolates, 10 produced deoxynivalenol (DON), 4 produced DON and nivalenol(More)
Aspergillus niger isolates are able to produce fumonisins in high quantities on agar media with a low water activity. Several agricultural products fit this criterion, including dried vine fruits, dates and figs. Data on the occurrence and role of this species in fumonisin contamination of agricultural products with high sugar content are needed to clarify(More)
(+)-Deprenyl metabolites in rat's urine, such as nordeprenyl. methamphetamine amphetamine and p-hydroxy. methamphetamine were identified by HPLC-MS. After oral administration of 10 mg of pure (-)- and (+)-deprenyl to human volunteers, their urine was analyzed by gas chromatography. The concentration of methamphetamine was found to be overwhelming in the(More)
Fumonisin mycotoxins which are hazardous to humans and animals were produced in a Fusarium verticillioides-infected solid rice culture. To decrease the possibility of the formation of artifacts, the fumonisins were analysed by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization time-of-flight (RP-HPLC/ESI-TOFMS) and ion trap mass(More)
Fumonisins were produced in a rice culture infected with Fusarium verticillioides. To decrease the possibility of the formation of artifacts, the fumonisins were analyzed by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (RP-HPLC/ESI-IT-MS2) immediately after the extraction of the culture(More)