Learn More
β-Catenin, which is a key mediator of the wingless-integration site (Wnt)/β-catenin signaling pathway, plays an important role in cell proliferation, cell fate determination, and tumorigenesis, by regulating the expression of a wide range of target genes. Although a variety of posttranslational modifications are involved in β-catenin activity, the role of(More)
ATG3 (autophagy-related 3) is an E2-like enzyme essential for autophagy; however, it is unknown whether it has an autophagy-independent function. Here, we report that ATG3 is a relatively stable protein in unstressed cells, but it is degraded in response to DNA-damaging agents such as etoposide or cisplatin. With mass spectrometry and a mutagenesis assay,(More)
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) combined with radiotherapy is a common treatment strategy to treat human cancers, but the underlying mechanisms of this combination treatment remain unclear. Here, we report that NAD+-dependent deacetylase sirtuin-7 (SIRT7) protein levels were decreased due to 5-FU exposure rendering colorectal cancer cells sensitive to radiation. We(More)
Sirtuins are evolutionarily conserved protein, serving as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent deacetylases or adenosine diphosphate-ribosyltransferases. The mammalian sirtuins family, including SIRT1~7, is involved in many biological processes such as cell survival, proliferation, senescence, stress response, genome stability and metabolism.(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is overexpressed in a variety of human epithelial cancers, including lung cancer, and is highly associated with a poor prognosis and a low survival rate. Understanding how COX-2 is regulated in response to carcinogens will offer insight into designing anti-cancer strategies and preventing cancer development. Here, we analyzed COX-2(More)
  • 1