Tianyong Zhao

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ABSTRACT The cellular protein Hv-p68 is a novel alcohol oxidase/RNA-binding protein that is overexpressed in virus-infected isolates of the plant-pathogenic fungus Helminthosporium victoriae (teleomorph: Cochliobolus victoriae). Overproduction of Hv-p68 has been hypothesized to lead to the accumulation of toxic aldehydes and to induce the disease phenotype(More)
Maize (Zea mays) GALACTINOL SYNTHASE (GolS) is a key enzyme in the raffinose biosynthetic pathway. We have previously characterized the maize GolS2 (ZmGolS2) gene as heat shock induced in maize germinating seeds and cultured cells. Here we report the identification, isolation and characterization of the 1.5Kb, 5' regulatory region of the ZmGolS2 gene. The(More)
Neurons are targets of toxicity induced by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 protein Tat (transactivator of transcription). Exposure to Tat increases [Ca2+] i in striatal neurons and activates multiple cell death pathways. In earlier studies the authors showed that Tat activated both caspase-3 and endonuclease-G, a caspase-independent effector of(More)
Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) belongs to the genus Enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae and has been recognized as one of the most important pathogens that cause emerging infectious disease. Despite of the importance of EV71, the nonstructural protein 3AB from this virus is little understood for its function during EV71 replication. Here we expressed EV71(More)
GALACTINOL SYNTHASE is the first committed enzyme in the raffinose biosynthetic pathway. We have previously characterized the maize (Zea mays) GALACTINOL SYNTHASE2 gene (ZmGOLS2) as abiotic stress induced. To further investigate the regulation of ZmGOLS2 gene expression, individual luciferase expression vectors,in which the luciferase gene was controlled by(More)
The application of the luxCDABE operon of the bioluminescent bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens as a reporter has been published for bacteria, yeast and mammalian cells. We report here the optimization of fused luxAB (the bacterial luciferase heterodimeric enzyme) expression, quantum yield and its application as a reporter gene in plant protoplasts. The(More)
Maize ALKALINE ALPHA GALACTOSIDASE (ZmAGA) is a key enzyme in the raffinose metabolism pathway. We have previously characterized the ZmAGA1 gene as heat shock induced in germinating maize seeds. Here, we report that ZmAGA1 is induced in maize leaves by heat shock, dehydration, NaCl, abscisic acid (ABA), and salicylic acid. The 1622 bp of the 5′-regulatory(More)
Infections of pathogenic bacteria are very common in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. However, the biological effects of HIV-1 Tat on bacteria are incompletely understood. In this study, HIV-1 Tat was expressed in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA01) to investigate its biological effects on bacteria. Bacterial cells(More)
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