Tianyi Zhang

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China is the world's most populous country and a major emitter of greenhouse gases. Consequently, much research has focused on China's influence on climate change but somewhat less has been written about the impact of climate change on China. China experienced explosive economic growth in recent decades, but with only 7% of the world's arable land available(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal host-microbe interactions are implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. Previous 16S rRNA sequence analysis of intestinal tissues demonstrated that a subset of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) samples exhibited altered intestinal-associated microbial compositions characterized by depletion of(More)
Glucose metabolism plays a pivotal role in many physiological and pathological conditions. To investigate the effect of hypoglycemia (obtained by glucose deprivation) on PC12 cell line, we analyzed the cell viability, mitochondrial function (assessed by MTT reduction, cellular ATP level, mitochondrial transmembrane potential), and the level of reactive(More)
Histones are subject to a vast array of posttranslational modifications including acetylation, methylation, phosphorylation, and ubiquitylation. The writers of these modifications play important roles in normal development and their mutation or misregulation is linked with both genetic disorders and various cancers. Readers of these marks contain protein(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB), play a critical role in activity-dependent plasticity processes such as long-term potentiation, learning, and memory. It has been shown that BDNF exerts different or even opposite effects on behavior depending on the neural circuit. However, the detailed(More)
During eye development, the selector factors of the Eyeless/Pax6 or Retinal Determination (RD) network control specification of organ-type whereas the bHLH-type proneural factor Atonal drives neurogenesis. Although significant progress has been made in dissecting the acquisition of ;eye identity' at the transcriptional level, the molecular mechanisms(More)
Climatic or technological ceilings could cause yield stagnation. Thus, identifying the principal reasons for yield stagnation within the context of the local climate and socio-economic conditions are essential for informing regional agricultural policies. In this study, we identified the climatic and technological ceilings for seven rice-production regions(More)
We deduced that Agkistrodon actus venom serine proteinases I and II, previously isolated from the venom of A. acutus (Zhu, Z., Gong, P., Teng, M., and Niu, L. (2003) Acta Crystallogr. Sect. D Biol. Crystallogr. 59, 547-550), are encoded by two almost identical genes, with only the single substitution Asp for Asn at residue 62. Amidolytic assays indicated(More)
We tested the hypothesis that Crohn's disease (CD)-related genetic polymorphisms involved in host innate immunity are associated with shifts in human ileum-associated microbial composition in a cross-sectional analysis of human ileal samples. Sanger sequencing of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene and 454 sequencing of 16S rRNA gene hypervariable(More)
Recent studies in Helicoverpa armigera report a novel role for diapause hormone (DH), pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide (PBAN) and three other FXPRLamide neuropeptides secreted from suboesophageal ganglion (SG) in terminating pupal diapause. In the present paper, we investigated the role of these five FXPRLamide family neuropeptides on pupal(More)