Tianxin Yang

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The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor subtype gamma (PPARgamma) ligands, namely the synthetic insulin-sensitizing thiazolidinedione (TZD) compounds, have demonstrated great potential in the treatment of type II diabetes. However, their clinical applicability is limited by a common and serious side effect of edema. To address the mechanism of(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are PPARgamma activators that exhibit vasculoprotective properties. To determine the vascular function of PPARgamma, we analyzed Tie2Cre/flox and SM22Cre/flox mice. Unexpectedly, both knockout strains exhibited a significant reduction of circadian variations in blood pressure and heart rate in parallel with diminished variations in(More)
It has been well appreciated that aldosterone (Aldo) plays a direct profibrotic role in the kidney but the underlying mechanism is unclear. We examined the role of Aldo in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) both in vitro and in vivo. Exposure of human renal proximal tubular cells to Aldo for 48 h dose dependently induced EMT as evidenced by conversion(More)
Aldosterone (Aldo) causes podocyte damage by an unknown mechanism. We examined the role of mitochondrial dysfunction (MtD) in Aldo-treated podocytes in vitro and in vivo. Exposure of podocytes to Aldo reduced nephrin expression dose dependently, accompanied by increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The ROS generation and podocyte damage were(More)
Cisplatin, a widely used chemotherapy drug, induces acute kidney injury, which limits its use and efficacy in cancer treatment. However, the molecular mechanism of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity is currently unclear. Using pharmacological and gene knockout models, we now demonstrate a pathological role for p53 in cisplatin nephrotoxicity. In C57BL/6 mice,(More)
Purpose. To define the tubular localization and tissue distribution of PEPT1 (low-affinity, high-capacity transporter) and PEPT2 (high-affinity, low-capacity transporter) in rat kidney. Methods. mRNA expression of PEPT1 and PEPT2 was assessed with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) methods using cDNA prepared from microdissected(More)
Nephrotoxicity is a major side effect of cisplatin, a widely used cancer therapy drug. Recent work has suggested a role of p53 in renal cell injury by cisplatin. However, the mechanism of p53 activation by cisplatin is unclear. This study determined the possible involvement of oxidative stress in p53 activation under the pathological condition using in(More)
A peptide targeted contrast agent, CLT1-(Gd-DTPA), was synthesized for molecular imaging of fibronectin-fibrin complexes in tumor tissue with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The T(1) and T(2) relaxivities of CLT1-(Gd-DTPA) were 4.22 and 4.45 mM(-1) s(-1) at 3 T, respectively. The targeted contrast agent specifically bound to tumor tissue and resulted in(More)
Glomerular podocytes are highly specialized epithelial cells whose injury in glomerular diseases causes proteinuria. Since mitochondrial dysfunction is an early event in podocyte injury, we tested whether a major regulator of oxidative metabolism and mitochondrial function, the transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ(More)
Recent studies have shown mitochondrial fragmentation during cell stress and have suggested a role for the morphological change in mitochondrial injury and ensuing apoptosis. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here we demonstrate that mitochondrial fragmentation facilitates Bax insertion and activation in mitochondria, resulting in the(More)