Tiantian Xu

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Shape descriptor is a concise yet informative representation that provides a 3D object with an identification as a member of some category. We have developed a concise deep shape descriptor to address challenging issues from ever-growing 3D datasets in areas as diverse as engineering, medicine, and biology. Specifically, in this paper, we developed novel(More)
Microand nanorobots capable of controlled propulsion at low Reynolds number are foreseen to change many aspects of medicine by enabling targeted diagnosis and therapy, and minimally invasive surgery. Several kinds of helical swimmers with different heads actuated by a rotating magnetic field have been proposed in prior works. Beyond these proofs of(More)
Helical microswimmers that are capable of propulsion at low Reynolds numbers have great potential for numerous applications. Several kinds of artificial magnetic-actuated helical microswimmers have been designed by researchers. However, they are primarily open-loop controlled. This paper aims to investigate methods of closed-loop control of a(More)
Untethered, controllable, mobile microrobots have been proposed for numerous applications, ranging from micro-manipulation, in vitro tasks (e.g., operation of microscale biological substances) to in vivo applications (e.g., targeted drug delivery; brachytherapy; hyperthermia, etc.), due to their small-scale dimensions and accessibility to tiny and complex(More)
Helical microswimmers capable of propulsion at low Reynolds numbers have been proposed for many applications. However, closed-loop controlled helical swimmers are still challenging because of the limits of optical tracking, and a lack of control parameters lying on the swimming characteristics of both linear propulsion and steering. Although the linear(More)
As we approach the era of exascale computing, the role of distributions to summarize, analyze and visualize large scale data is becoming more and more important. Since histograms continue to be a popular way of modeling the underlying data distribution, we propose a scalable and distributed framework for computing histograms from scalar and vector data at(More)
Micro and nanorobots can change many aspects of medicine by enabling targeted diagnosis and therapy, and minimal invasive surgery. A helical nanobelt with a magnetic head was proposed as a microrobot driven by rotating magnetic field in prior works. Magnetically coated tails were already shown in some works. However the control of such surface magnetic(More)
We present a general solution for steering microrobotic swarm by dynamic actuating fields. In our approach, the motion of micro-robots is controlled by changing the actuating direction of a field applied to them. The time-series sequence of actuating field's directions can be computed automatically. Given a target position in the domain of swarm, a(More)
Gait phase is widely used for gait trajectory generation, gait control and gait evaluation on lower-limb exoskeletons. So far, a variety of methods have been developed to identify the gait phase for lower-limb exoskeletons. Angular sensors on lower-limb exoskeletons are essential for joint closed-loop controlling; however, other types of sensors, such as(More)