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The effects of packing rates (20%, 30%, and 40%) of polyurethane foam (PUF) to the removal of organics and nitrogen were investigated by continuously feeding artificial sewage in three aerobic moving bed biofilm reactors. The results indicated that the packing rate of the PUF carriers had little influence on the COD removal efficiency (81% on average).(More)
Because high-throughput screening tools are typically unavailable when using the pathway-engineering approach, we developed a new strategy, named intermediate sensor-assisted push-pull strategy, which enables sequential pathway optimization by incorporating a biosensor targeting a key pathway intermediate. As proof of concept, we constructed an L-Trp(More)
We have developed a simple approach for rapidly fabricating large-scale colloidal crystal arrays on substrates. Latex particles were first assembled into a close-packed monolayer on a vortical water surface; the monolayer was then transferred onto substrates by a withdrawer. Such an assembly method is conceptually similar to the Langmuir-Blodgett (L-B)(More)
Coupling a narrow-band-gap semiconductor with TiO(2) is an effective method to produce photocatalysts that work under UV-vis light irradiation. Usually photocatalytic coupled-semiconductors exist mainly as powders, and photocatalytic activity is only favored when a small loading amount of narrow-band-gap semiconductor is used. Here we propose a(More)
Computational predictions of catalytic function are vital for in-depth understanding of enzymes. Because several novel approaches performing better than the common BLAST tool are rarely applied in research, we hypothesized that there is a large gap between the number of known annotated enzymes and the actual number in the protein universe, which(More)
Using a first-principles computational tensile test, we show that the ideal tensile strength of an Al grain boundary ͑GB͒ is reduced with both Na and Ca GB segregation. We demonstrate that the fracture occurs in the GB interface, dominated by the break of the interfacial bonds. Experimentally, we further show that the presence of Na or Ca impurity, which(More)
The p-block semiconductors are regarded as a new family of visible-light photocatalysts because of their dispersive and anisotropic band structures as well as high chemical stability. The bismuth oxide halides belong to this family and have band structures and dispersion relations that can be engineered by modulating the stoichiometry of the halogen(More)
Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl) nanowire arrays have been successfully prepared employing the Anodic Aluminum Oxide (AAO) template assisted sol-gel method. Nanowires of 100 nm diameter and length 2-6 μm, assembled in the porous of AAO templates, were formed. XRD and HRTEM results show that the nanowires are pure BiOCl polycrystal phase without Bi 2 O 3 or BiCl(More)
Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) is one of the most widely used herbal medicines worldwide. The present study evaluated the neuroprotective effects of ginseng protein (GP) and its possible mechanisms in a cellular and animal model of AD. The results demonstrated that GP (10-100 µg/mL) significantly improved the survival rate of neurons and reduced the(More)