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Highly ordered TiO(2) nanoribbons with a width from 150 nm to several micrometres and a thickness of 60 nm were fabricated by a path-directed and maskless route. Structural analysis and mechanical properties indicate that the nanoribbons are suited for constructing array-nanodevices. The method exhibits many advantages such as designability, precise size… (More)
A single-layer graphene film was grown on copper foil by chemical vapor deposition and transferred onto a silicon-pillar-array (SPA) substrate to make a Schottky junction solar cell. The SPA substrate was specifically designed to suppress reflectance and enhance light absorption. The energy conversion efficiency of the prepared graphene/SPA solar cells… (More)
Heart rate measurement is a basic and important issue for either medical diagnosis or daily health monitoring. In this work great efforts have been focused on realizing a portable, comfortable and low cost solution for long-term domestic heart rate monitoring. A tiny but efficient measurement system composed of a polymer-based flexible pressure sensor and… (More)
Theoretical and experimental studies have been performed to simulate and optimize graphene/semiconductor heterojunction solar cells. By controlling graphene layer number, tuning graphene work function and adding an antireflection film, a maximal theoretical conversion efficiency of $9.2% could be achieved. Following the theoretical optimization proposal,… (More)
We present a first-principles density functional theory study focused on how the chemical and electronic properties of polyaniline are adjusted by introducing suitable substituents on a polymer backbone. Analyses of the obtained energy barriers, reaction energies and minimum energy paths indicate that the chemical reactivity of the polyaniline derivatives… (More)
A ~1 MHz piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer (pMUT) array with ultra-high element density and low crosstalk is proposed for the first time. This novel pMUT array is based on a nano-layer spin-coating lead zirconium titanium film technique and can be fabricated with high element density using a relatively simple process. Accordingly, key… (More)
A carbonized plain-weave silk fabric is fabricated into wearable and robust strain sensors, which can be stretched up to 500% and show high sensitivity in a wide strain range. This sensor can be assembled into wearable devices for detection of both large and subtle human activities, showing great potential for monitoring human motions and personal health.