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Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is a potent mitogen of alveolar epithelial type II cells (AEII). AEII hyperplasia is resolved within several days following intratracheal instillation of KGF by unknown mechanism(s). AEII hyperplasia was induced in rat lungs by intrabronchial instillation of 5 mg recombinant human (rh)KGF x kg body weight(-1) or an(More)
Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF, FGF-7) is a potent mitogen for epithelial cells. We instilled recombinant human KGF to determine the effects of KGF on alveolar epithelial cells. Left lungs of adult rats were instilled intrabronchially with KGF (5 mg/kg) or normal saline. KGF instillation resulted in epithelial cell hyperplasia, and the alveolar(More)
Pulmonary surfactant protein D (SP-D) is expressed in alveolar type II and bronchiolar epithelial cells and is secreted into alveoli and conducting airways. However, SP-D has also been measured in serum and is increased in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary fibrosis, and alveolar proteinosis. To demonstrate that SP-D can be(More)
Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) induces rapid and transient hyperplasia of alveolar epithelial type II cells. We sought to determine components of the apoptotic process involved in the resolution of this hyperplasia and the fate of the apoptotic cells. Rats received intrabronchial instillation of 5 mg KGF/kg body weight or diluent. Lungs were fixed 1, 2,(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions mediate prenatal lung morphogenesis and differentiation, yet little is known about their effects in the adult. In this study we have examined the influence of cocultured lung fibroblasts on rat alveolar type II cell differentiation in primary culture. Type II cells that were co-cultured with lung fibroblasts showed(More)
Strategies to stimulate endogenous surfactant production require a detailed understanding of the regulation of lipogenesis in alveolar type II cells. We developed culture conditions in which keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) stimulates fatty acid and phospholipid synthesis. KGF stimulated acetate incorporation into phosphatidylcholine, disaturated(More)
Fibroblasts stimulate alveolar type II epithelial cell differentiation and proliferation in vitro and during lung development. However, little is known about the effects of adult type II cells on fibroblasts. We investigated the effect of adult rat type II cells on proliferation of adult human lung fibroblasts. Fibroblasts were suspended within rat tail(More)
We have investigated the role of the cytoskeleton in surfactant protein gene expression. Cytochalasin D (CD), colchicine (Col), or nocodazole (Noco) were tested on primary cultures of adult rat alveolar type II cells. Treatment with any of the drugs did not result in dramatic cell shape changes, but ultrastructural examination revealed that the cytoplasm of(More)
Alveolar type II cell proliferation occurs after lung injury and is thought to minimize the subsequent fibrotic response. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) has been shown to be a potent growth factor for rat alveolar type II cells. In this study, we created a replication-deficient, recombinant human type 5 adenovirus vector expressing human KGF (Ad5-KGF) to(More)