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Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) is a group of chronic disorders characterized by prominent neuronal loss and gliosis in the hippocampus and amygdala. Newly published data indicate that it may be a progressive disease, but the mechanism underlying the progressive nature remains unknown. Recently, substantial evidence for an(More)
PURPOSE The structural connection patterns of the human brain are the underlying bases for functional connectivity. Although abnormal functional connectivity has been uncovered in childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) in previous electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging studies, little is known regarding the structural connectivity in(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal changes correlated with ictal and interictal epileptic discharges using electroencephalography-correlated functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) in patients with eyelid myoclonia with absences (EMA) and then to explore the pathophysiological mechanisms of epileptic(More)
As a generalized form of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE), absence status epilepticus is the most common form. It manifests as prolonged, confusional states of varying severity, and continuous or repetitive generalized discharges of spikes, multiple spikes, and slow waves on EEG. Jeavons syndrome (JS) is a new type of epilepsy syndrome. Hitherto,(More)
Glutamate receptor 5 (GluR5) plays a role as an excitatory regulator of synaptic transmission and plasticity; however, its exact role in the pathological mechanism underlying epilepsy is not fully known. We investigated GluR5 expression in resected brain tissues from humans with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and from a macaque model of Coriaria(More)
BACKGROUND Absence epilepsy is characterized clinically by the impairment of consciousness and 3 Hz generalized spike-wave discharges (GSWDs) on EEG. Clinical absence can be observed with ictal GSWDs, but interictal GSWD bursts are usually clinically silent. Simultaneous EEG and blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) has been(More)
PURPOSE It is unknown whether white matter abnormalities exist in childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), a syndrome of idiopathic epilepsy (IGE). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can noninvasively quantify white matter integrity. This study used DTI to investigate abnormal changes in white matter of untreated CAE patients. METHODS Subjects included nine patients(More)
Altered functional connectivity has been associated with the influence of epileptic activity. Abnormalities in connectivity, particularly in dorsal attention (DAN), salience (SN) and default mode (DMN) networks, might contribute to the loss of consciousness during seizures and cognitive deficits in patients with children absence epilepsy (CAE). The(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the intrinsic brain connections at the time of interictal generalized spike-wave discharges (GSWDs) to understand their mechanism of effect on brain function in untreated childhood absence epilepsy (CAE). METHODS The EEG-functional MRI (fMRI) was used to measure the resting state functional connectivity during interictal GSWDs in(More)
Intrinsic connectivity analysis provides an original way for evaluating functional impairments in epilepsy. Disturbances in the salience network (SN) have been positing an important interplay in disorders of consciousness and attention. This study aims to assess the intrinsic connectivity of the SN in childhood absence epilepsy (CAE). Resting state fMRI was(More)