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Pretreatment with 0.5 mM salicylic acid (SA) for 3 days significantly enhanced the growth and tolerance to subsequent drought stress (PEG-6000, 15%) in wheat seedlings, manifesting as increased shoot and root dry weights, and decreased lipid peroxidation. Total proteins from wheat leaves exposed to (i) 0.5 mM SA pretreatment, (ii) drought stress, and (iii)(More)
Proteomic studies were performed to identify the protein species involved in copper (Cu) stress responses in common wheat. Two-week-old wheat seedlings were exposed to 100 μM CuSO4 treatment for 3 days. Growth of shoots and roots was markedly inhibited and lipid peroxidation was greatly increased. Cu was readily absorbed by wheat seedlings, with greater Cu(More)
Flavonoids are the low molecular weight polyphenolic secondary metabolic compounds, and have various functions in growth, development, reproduction, and stress defense. However, little is known about the roles of the key enzymes in the flavonoids biosynthesis pathway in response to drought stress in winter wheat. Here, we investigated the expression pattern(More)
In the present study, nitrogen (N) starvation for 8 days significantly inhibited the growth of wheat seedlings as manifested by decreased plant height, shoot fresh weight, and shoot dry weight, although it stimulated root growth. The nitrate and protein contents were markedly reduced and the oxidative stress marker, malondialdehyde content, was markedly(More)
Basic transcription factor 3 (BTF3), the β-subunit of the nascent polypeptide-associated complex, is responsible for the transcriptional initiation of RNA polymerase II and is also involved in cell apoptosis, translation initiation regulation, growth, development, and other functions. Here, we report the impact of BTF3 on abiotic tolerance in higher plants.(More)
Salicylic acid (SA), a key signaling molecule in higher plants, has been found to play a role in the response to a diverse range of phytopathogens and is essential for the establishment of both local and systemic-acquired resistance. Recent studies have indicated that SA also plays an important role in abiotic stress-induced signaling, and studies on(More)
Measurement of the electrolyte leakage rates in wheat leaves indicated that there was no significant difference in susceptibility to −5 °C spring freeze stress among five bread wheat cultivars at the floret primordium-differentiating stage of spike development. A global transcriptional profile was created using the Affymetrix Wheat GeneChip microarray for(More)
Silicon (Si) has been shown to increase plant stress tolerance. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of Si in alleviating drought stress in winter wheat are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Si on photosynthetic pigments, antioxidant contents, and transcription of several genes involved in the antioxidant(More)
Following three-day exposure to -5 °C simulated spring freeze stress, wheat plants at the anther connective tissue formation phase of spike development displayed the drooping and wilting of leaves and markedly increased rates of relative electrolyte leakage. We analysed freeze-stress responsive proteins in wheat leaves at one and three days following(More)
The influence of salicylic acid (SA) on the salt tolerance mechanism in seedlings of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was investigated using physiological measurements combined with global expression profiling (proteomics). In the present study, 0.5mM SA significantly reduced NaCl-induced growth inhibition in wheat seedlings, manifesting as increased(More)