Tian-cai Liu

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A novel multiplex analysis technology based on quantum dot (QD) optical encoded beads was studied. Carboxyl functionalized polystyrene beads, about 100 microm in size, were precisely encoded by the various ratios of two types of QDs whose emission wavelengths are 576 and 628 nm, respectively. Then the different encoded beads were covalently immobilized with(More)
Water-soluble quantum dots (QDs) were used to label goat anti-human immunoglobulin antibodies (Abs), and the labeling process was characterized by column purification. The QDs obtained in organic solvent were modified with mercaptoacetic acid (MAA) and became water-soluble. These water-soluble QDs were linked to the antibodies using the coupling reagents(More)
A novel immunoassay for the determination of tumor markers in human serum was established by combining a time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA) and immunomagnetic separation. Based on a sandwich-type immunoassay format, analytes in samples were captured by magnetic beads coated with one monoclonal antibody and "sandwiched" by another monoclonal antibody(More)
OBJECTIVES Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease affecting millions of people globally and resulting in significant death rates each year. A fast, inexpensive alternative to traditional testing and monitoring techniques is desirable, since secretion of insulin and C-peptide is impaired in diabetes mellitus. DESIGN AND METHODS A highly sensitive(More)
Multicolor encoded beads were achieved by incorporating two color core-shell quantum dots (QDs) (CdSe/ZnS) to commercial polystyrene (PS) beads. By controlling the concentration ratios of the two quantum dots (QDs) in doping solutions, a series of codes with different intensity ratios were obtained. Based on the multiple encoded carboxylic modified(More)
Time-resolved fluorometry of lanthanide chelates is one of the most useful non-isotopic detection techniques and has been used in numerous applications in biomedical science. We developed a time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA) to quantify α-fetoprotein (AFP) and hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) in human serum. Based on a two-site sandwich(More)
A sensitive, specific, and rapid method for the detection of carbohydrate-protein interactions was demonstrated using quantum dots (QDs) as a fluorescence label coupled with protein. 1,3-Dipolar cycloaddition between azide and alkyne was exploited to attach alpha-d-glucopyranoside to a C(14) hydrocarbon chain that noncovalently binds to the microtiter well(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokeratin 19 fragment antigen (CYFRA 21-1) is used to diagnose and monitor neoplasms. However, the main disadvantages of the currently available CYFRA 21-1 assays include heterogenous technology, being time-consuming, and having low through-put with low insensitivity. This study investigated the use of amplified luminescent proximity(More)
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), a primary marker for many diseases including various cancers, is important in clinical tumor diagnosis and antenatal screening. Most immunoassays provide high sensitivity and accuracy for determining AFP, but they are expensive, often complex, time-consuming procedures. A simple and rapid point-of-care system that integrates Eu(More)
Novel -COOH modified polystyrene beads were prepared by sulfonation grafting, and the surface area and pore volume are greatly improved in comparison with the swelling-treated beads. The optimization coating time is 4 h, and the corresponding -COOH content is approximately 2.1 mmol/g. The scanning electron microscope results show that the silica particles(More)