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Finding useful patterns in large datasets has attracted considerable interest recently, and one of the most widely studied problems in this area is the identification of <i>clusters,</i> or densely populated regions, in a multi-dimensional dataset. Prior work does not adequately address the problem of large datasets and minimization of I/O costs.This paper(More)
Data clustering is an important technique for exploratory data analysis, and has been studied for several years. It has been shown to be useful in many practical domains such as data classification and image processing. Recently, there has been a growing emphasis on exploratory analysis of very large datasets to discover useful patterns and/or correlations(More)
Determinants of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) persistence in 393 women initially cytologically normal were investigated by testing them for HPV DNA twice over a median interval of 14.9 months. At each visit, interview information was obtained and a cervicovaginal lavage sample was collected for polymerase chain reaction-based HPV testing. Twenty-six(More)
The neurodegenerative diseases Huntington disease, dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy, spinocerebellar atrophy type 3, and spinal bulbar muscular atrophy are caused by expansion of a polyglutamine tract within their respective gene products. There is increasing evidence that generation of truncated proteins containing an expanded polyglutamine tract may be(More)
The genomic organization of the human protocadherin alpha, beta, and gamma gene clusters (designated Pcdh alpha [gene symbol PCDHA], Pcdh beta [PCDHB], and Pcdh gamma [PCDHG]) is remarkably similar to that of immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor genes. The extracellular and transmembrane domains of each protocadherin protein are encoded by an unusually large(More)
We have taken a new approach to the identification of E2F-regulated promoters. After modification of a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, we cloned nine chromatin fragments which represent both strong and weak in vivo E2F binding sites. Further characterization of three of the cloned fragments revealed that they are bound in vivo not only by E2Fs but also(More)
Because colorectal cancers (CRCs) frequently display APC mutation, inhibition of apoptosis, and increased expression of the antiapoptotic protein survivin, we hypothesized that APC mutation inhibits apoptosis by allowing constitutive survivin expression. Using HT-29 CRC cell lines having inducible wild-type APC (wt-APC) or transfected dominant-negative(More)
The yeast SNARE Ykt6p has been implicated in several trafficking steps, including vesicular transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi, intra-Golgi transport, and homotypic vacuole fusion. The functional role of its mammalian homologue (Ykt6) has not been established. Using antibodies specific for mammalian Ykt6, it is revealed that it is(More)
Glutamatergic processes are strongly implicated in the pathophysiology and treatment of depression, including the antidepressant effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists. This study was designed to see whether memantine, a noncompetitive NMDA antagonist, has antidepressant effects in behaviors and synaptic plasticity. Rats were randomly(More)
Stat3 is activated by phosphorylation on Tyr-705, which leads to dimer formation, nuclear translocation, and regulation of gene expression. Serine phosphorylation of Stat3 by mitogen-activated protein kinase has also been observed in cells responding to epidermal growth factor and shown to affect its tyrosine phosphorylation and transcriptional activity.(More)