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Finding useful patterns in large datasets has attracted considerable interest recently, and one of the most widely studied problems in this area is the identification of <i>clusters,</i> or densely populated regions, in a multi-dimensional dataset. Prior work does not adequately address the problem of large datasets and minimization of I/O costs.This paper(More)
Data clustering is an important technique for exploratory data analysis, and has been studied for several years. It has been shown to be useful in many practical domains such as data classiication and image processing. Recently, there has been a growing emphasis on exploratory analysis of very large datasets to discover useful patterns and/or correlations(More)
The neurodegenerative diseases Huntington disease, dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy, spinocerebellar atrophy type 3, and spinal bulbar muscular atrophy are caused by expansion of a polyglutamine tract within their respective gene products. There is increasing evidence that generation of truncated proteins containing an expanded polyglutamine tract may be(More)
Glutamatergic processes are strongly implicated in the pathophysiology and treatment of depression, including the antidepressant effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists. This study was designed to see whether memantine, a noncompetitive NMDA antagonist, has antidepressant effects in behaviors and synaptic plasticity. Rats were randomly(More)
The genomic organization of the human protocadherin alpha, beta, and gamma gene clusters (designated Pcdh alpha [gene symbol PCDHA], Pcdh beta [PCDHB], and Pcdh gamma [PCDHG]) is remarkably similar to that of immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor genes. The extracellular and transmembrane domains of each protocadherin protein are encoded by an unusually large(More)
Synaptobrevins/vesicle-associated membrane proteins (VAMPs) together with syntaxins and a synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) are the main components of a protein complex involved in the docking and/or fusion of synaptic vesicles with the presynaptic membrane. We report here the molecular, biochemical, and cell biological characterization of(More)
Members of the syntaxin family are key molecules involved in diverse vesicle docking/fusion events. We report here the molecular, biochemical, and cell biological characterizations of a novel member (syntaxin 7) of the syntaxin family. Syntaxin 7 is structurally related to all known syntaxins. Within a 79-residue region preceding the C-terminal hydrophobic(More)
Expressed sequence tags coding for a potential SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor) were revealed during data base searches. The deduced amino acid sequence of the complete coding region predicts a 217-residue protein with a COOH-terminal hydrophobic membrane anchor. Affinity-purified antibodies raised against the(More)
Mu rhythm is an idling rhythm that originates in the sensorimotor cortex during rest. The frequency of mu rhythm, which is well established in adults, is 8-12 Hz, whereas the limited results available from children suggest a frequency as low as 5.4 Hz at 6 months of age, which gradually increases to the adult value. Understanding the normal development of(More)
Recent population trends among the Tibetan population of China are analyzed using data from official Chinese sources. Chapters are included on changes in the spatial distribution of population and the reduction of the size of the Han population in Tibetan areas, marriage and the family, fertility and infant survival, mortality, age and sex composition,(More)