Tian-Yang Wang

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This study tested the hypothesis that oocyte aging could be prevented for a longer time by reducing the culture temperature while supplementing the culture medium with more pyruvate. Newly ovulated mouse oocytes were cultured at various temperatures for various times in HCZB medium (Kimura and Yanagimachi, Biol Reprod 1995; 52:709-720) containing various(More)
The objective of this study was to test whether aging induces oxidative stress (OS) during oocyte preservation at different temperatures and whether the oocyte competence can be extended by antioxidant supplementation. The increase in activation susceptibility was efficiently prevented when oocytes were preserved at 37°C for 9 h in HCZB medium with 10.27 mM(More)
We studied the role of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) in modulating oocyte postovulatory aging by observing changes in NCX contents and activities in aging mouse and rat oocytes. Whereas the NCX activity was measured by observing oocyte activation following culture with NCX inhibitor or activator, the NCX contents were determined by immunohistochemical(More)
In this study, using a mouse model, we tested the hypothesis that restraint stress would impair the developmental potential of oocytes by causing oxidative stress and that antioxidant supplementation could overcome the adverse effect of stress-induced oxidative stress. Female mice were subjected to restraint stress for 24 h starting 24 h after equine(More)
The mechanisms by which restraint stress impairs oocyte developmental potential are unclear. Factors causing differences between the developmental potential of oocytes with surrounded nucleolus (SN) and that of oocytes with nonsurrounded nucleolus (NSN) are not fully characterized. Furthermore, the relationship between increased histone acetylation and(More)
Inhibiting oocyte spontaneous activation (SA) is essential for successful rat cloning by nuclear transfer (NT). This study tested the hypothesis that activities of the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) would decrease with oocyte aging and that SA of rat oocytes could be inhibited if the intraoocyte Ca(2+) rises were prevented by activating the NCX through(More)
Although fusion of nucleoli was observed during pronuclear development of zygotes and the behavior of nucleoli in pronuclei has been suggested as an indicator of embryonic developmental potential, the mechanism for nucleolar fusion is unclear. Although both cytoskeleton and the nucleolus are important cellular entities, there are no special reports on the(More)
Although previous studies have suggested that cumulus cells (CCs) accelerate oocyte aging by secreting soluble and heat-sensitive paracrine factors, the factors involved are not well characterized. Because Fas-mediated apoptosis represents a major pathway in induction of apoptosis in various cells, we proposed that CCs facilitate oocyte aging by releasing(More)
Oocytes with germinal vesicles (GVs) replaced with somatic nuclei exhibit meiotic abnormalities. Although this suggests an exclusive role for GV material in meiosis, mechanisms by which a lack of GV material causes meiotic defects are unknown. Knowledge of these mechanisms will help us to understand meiotic control, nuclear-cytoplasmic interactions, and(More)
It is known that oocytes and cumulus cells (CCs) are more resistant to apoptosis than other compartments of the antral follicle. However, although oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) have been found to be involved in suppressing bovine CC apoptosis, little is known about the intracellular mechanisms by which OSFs render CCs resistant to apoptosis. Here, we show(More)