Tiaan Heunis

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Staphylococcus aureus is a virulent pathogen and a major causative agent of superficial and invasive skin and soft tissue infections (SSSTIs). Antibiotic resistance in S. aureus, among other bacterial pathogens, has rapidly increased, and this is placing an enormous burden on the health care sector and has serious implications for infected individuals,(More)
Plantaricin 423, produced by Lactobacillus plantarum 423, was encapsulated in nanofibers that were produced by the electrospinning of 18% (w/v) polyethylene oxide (200 000 Da). The average diameter of the nanofibers was 288 nm. Plantaricin 423 activity decreased from 51 200 AU/ml to 25 600 AU/ml and from 204 800 AU/ml to 51 200 AU/ml after electrospinning,(More)
Injury to the skin causes a breach in the protective layer surrounding the body. Many pathogens are resistant to antibiotics, rendering conventional treatment less effective. This led to the use of alternative antimicrobial compounds, such as silver ions, in skin treatment. In this review nanofibers, and the incorporation of natural antimicrobial compounds(More)
Plantaricin 423, produced by Lactobacillus plantarum, and bacteriocin ST4SA produced by Enterococcus mundtii, were electrospun into nanofibers prepared from different combinations of poly(d,l-lactide) (PDLLA) and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). Both peptides were released from the nanofibers with a high initial burst and(More)
The emergence of multi-drug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (carbapenemase)-producing Enterobacteriaceae is becoming a serious threat. New-generation antimicrobial agents need to be(More)
Acid tolerance is considered an important characteristic of probiotic bacteria. Lactobacillus plantarum 423 tolerates acidic pH and is the ideal candidate in which to study molecular mechanisms that acid-tolerant lactic acid bacteria employ to survive such conditions. In this study we recorded changes in the protein profile of L. plantarum 423 when exposed(More)
Widespread emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens in recent years has restricted the treatment options for various infectious diseases. Investigation of alternative antimicrobial agents and therapies is thus of utmost importance. Electrospinning of 50 mg/ml 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA) into 24 % (w/v) poly(d,l-lactide) (PDLLA) and poly(ethylene(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a bacterial pathogen responsible for the majority of skin and soft tissue infections. Antibiotics are losing their efficacy as treatment for skin and soft tissue infections as a result of increased resistance in a variety of pathogens, including S. aureus It is thus imperative to explore alternative antimicrobial treatments to(More)
Maxillofacial and craniofacial surgery is on the increase, which exposes more patients at risk of acquiring microbial infections. The use of antibiotic-loaded calcium phosphate bone cements has been shown to reduce the incidence of infection. A marked increase in antibiotic-resistant pathogens, including multidrug-resistant pathogens, has been reported.(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis consists of a large number of different strains that display unique virulence characteristics. Whole-genome sequencing has revealed substantial genetic diversity among clinical M. tuberculosis isolates, and elucidating the phenotypic variation encoded by this genetic diversity will be of the utmost importance to fully understand(More)