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The effects of drought stress on the phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) uptake dynamics of summer maize (Zea mays L.) throughout the growth cycle were studied. Field trials were conducted under a completely randomized design with three field water capacity (FC) regimes: 75 % FC was well watered and considered to be the control, 55 % FC represented moderate(More)
By using ultra-centrifugal technique and KC1 extraction, the contents of soil soluble organic nitrogen (SON), dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), and free amino acid (FAA) in three horticultural production systems, i.e., organic (OS), transitional (TS), and conventional (CS), were determined, and their correlations with some other soil properties were(More)
The microcosm experiment was carried out to quantify the input and distribution of photo-assimilated C into soil C pools by using a 14C continuous labeling technique. Destructive samplings of rice (Oryza sativa) were conducted after labeling for 80 days. The allocation of 14C-labeled photosynthates in plants and soil C pools such as dissolved organic C(More)
Taking an example of Qianjiang City in Jianghan Plain, the distribution and dynamics of soil organic carbon (SOC) in croplands was studied in present study. The cropland included both paddy field and dry land. SOC contents were analyzed by taking soil samples of topsoil (0-20 cm) in 2011 according to land uses and soil types, and then compared with the(More)
To understand how soil texture and water content affect the mineralization of organic C in paddy soil, 3 selected soils (sandy loam, clay loam, and silty clay) were incubated (25 degrees C) with 14 C-labelled rice straw (1.0 g x kg(-1)) at water content varied from 45% to 105% of water holding capacity (WHC). Data indicated that, in the sandy loam and clay(More)
An incubation test was conducted to study the effects of different temperature (1 degrees C, 15 degrees C, and 25 degrees C) on the mineralization and adsorption of exogenous amino acid and peptide in the soils of horticultural production systems, including organic farming system (OS), transitional farming system (TS), and conventional farming system (CS).(More)
In order to further understand the mechanisms of microbial immobilization of phosphorous (P) in highly weathered red soil with organic amendment, an incubation test was conducted to investigate the roles of microbial functional groups in the transformation of P in 0.2-2 mm soil aggregates. Throughout the 90-day incubation period, amendment with rice straw(More)
Photosynthesized carbon is an important part in C cycling of "atmosphere-plant-soil" and is the source of soil organic carbon (SOC), but its mineralization and transformation dynamics in paddy soils remains still unclear. Therefore, a batch incubation experiment was conducted to investigate the mineralization and transformation of rice photosynthesized(More)
Soil microbe plays an important role in carbon cycling, however, the effect of land use on soil microbe remain unclear. In present study, soil samples were collected from a long-term field experiment (Pantang Agroecosystem) in subtropical China (established in 1989), including paddy-rice (PR), upland-crop (UC), and paddy rice-upland crop rotation (PU) on(More)
Paddy soils not only function as an important sink for "missing carbon" but also play an important role in the production of greenhouse gases such as N2O and CH4. Dynamic changes in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are closely related to microbially mediated carbon and nitrogen transformation processes occurring in soil. Using soil samples collected from(More)