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The effects of drought stress on the phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) uptake dynamics of summer maize (Zea mays L.) throughout the growth cycle were studied. Field trials were conducted under a completely randomized design with three field water capacity (FC) regimes: 75 % FC was well watered and considered to be the control, 55 % FC represented moderate(More)
The microcosm experiment was carried out to quantify the input and distribution of photo-assimilated C into soil C pools by using a 14C continuous labeling technique. Destructive samplings of rice (Oryza sativa) were conducted after labeling for 80 days. The allocation of 14C-labeled photosynthates in plants and soil C pools such as dissolved organic C(More)
By using ultra-centrifugal technique and KC1 extraction, the contents of soil soluble organic nitrogen (SON), dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), and free amino acid (FAA) in three horticultural production systems, i.e., organic (OS), transitional (TS), and conventional (CS), were determined, and their correlations with some other soil properties were(More)
An incubation test was conducted to study the effects of different temperature (1 degrees C, 15 degrees C, and 25 degrees C) on the mineralization and adsorption of exogenous amino acid and peptide in the soils of horticultural production systems, including organic farming system (OS), transitional farming system (TS), and conventional farming system (CS).(More)
Carbon dioxide (CO2) assimilation by autotrophic microorganisms plays a significant role in carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems. Here, experiments were carried out to determine the contribution of autotrophic microorganisms to atmospheric CO2 fixation in 6 representative agricultural soils. Soils were incubated continuously in an atmosphere of(More)
The input of rice-photosynthesized carbon (C) into soil plays an important role in soil C cycling. A 13C-labelled microcosm experiment was carried out to quantify the input of photosynthesized C into soil C pools in a rice-soil system during the tillering stage. Growing rice (Oryza sativa L. ) was continuously fed with 13C-labeled CO, ( C-CO, ) in a closed(More)
Taking an example of Qianjiang City in Jianghan Plain, the distribution and dynamics of soil organic carbon (SOC) in croplands was studied in present study. The cropland included both paddy field and dry land. SOC contents were analyzed by taking soil samples of topsoil (0-20 cm) in 2011 according to land uses and soil types, and then compared with the(More)
In order to further understand the mechanisms of microbial immobilization of phosphorous (P) in highly weathered red soil with organic amendment, an incubation test was conducted to investigate the roles of microbial functional groups in the transformation of P in 0.2-2 mm soil aggregates. Throughout the 90-day incubation period, amendment with rice straw(More)
Photosynthesized carbon is an important part in C cycling of "atmosphere-plant-soil" and is the source of soil organic carbon (SOC), but its mineralization and transformation dynamics in paddy soils remains still unclear. Therefore, a batch incubation experiment was conducted to investigate the mineralization and transformation of rice photosynthesized(More)
Paddy soils not only function as an important sink for "missing carbon" but also play an important role in the production of greenhouse gases such as N2O and CH4. Dynamic changes in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are closely related to microbially mediated carbon and nitrogen transformation processes occurring in soil. Using soil samples collected from(More)