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Thrombin is a coagulation protease that activates platelets, leukocytes, endothelial and mesenchymal cells at sites of vascular injury, acting partly through an unusual proteolytically activated G-protein-coupled receptor. Knockout of the gene encoding this receptor provided definitive evidence for a second thrombin receptor in mouse platelets and for(More)
Thrombin receptor and proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) define a family of G protein-coupled receptors that are activated by a novel proteolytic mechanism. Specific cleavage of their amino-terminal exodomains unmasks a new amino terminus which then serves as a tethered ligand, docking intramolecularly to the body of the receptor to effect signaling.(More)
Thrombin activates human platelets and other cells in part by cleaving an unusual G protein-coupled receptor. Thrombin cleavage of this receptor's amino-terminal exodomain unmasks a new amino terminus. This then binds intramolecularly to the body of the receptor to trigger transmembrane signaling and activation of Gi- and Gq-like G proteins. Toward(More)
We conducted an open trial of cM-T412, a chimeric monoclonal anti-CD4 antibody, in 29 patients with MS. This antibody caused a prompt and long-lasting depletion of circulating CD4 (helper/inducer) lymphocytes. The mean (+/- SE) CD4 count for the group decreased from 870 (+/- 66) cells/mm3 at baseline to 76 (+/- 11) 3 hours after treatment, and then(More)
The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) exist primarily bound to cell surface receptors or complexed to specific binding proteins (IGFBPs). The IGFBPs modulate the bioavailability of the IGFs and may enhance or inhibit IGF actions. Several distinct forms of IGFBPs have been described on the basis of size, immunological determinants, and distribution in(More)
Sialic acid is found in especially high concentrations in brain gangliosides, and supplementary sialic acid is associated with increased learning behaviour in animals. It was hypothesised that breast fed infants may have higher concentrations of sialic acid in body fluids and tissues because human milk is a rich source of sialylated oligosaccharides, while(More)
Host response to implanted biomaterials and medical devices poses tremendous challenges to their clinical applications. Today, the quest to mitigate this immunological attack for improved longevity of these devices remains daunting. This thesis aims to explore the use of anti-inflammatory drugs in minimizing the host response and improve the efficacy of(More)
1 school of health sciences, dalhousie university; 2 capital district health authority; 3 school of Physiotherapy, dalhousie university; 4 rn Professional development centre, halifax, ns kfspurr@dal.ca InTRODUCTIOn/OBJECTIVES: For more than a decade, healthcare professionals have learned the process of using research evidence to inform clinical(More)
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