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Hepatic apolipoprotein (apo) B RNA editing was examined in the genetically obese hyperinsulinemic and hypertriglyceridemic Zucker rat. In obese Zucker rats, apo B RNA editing was increased 42% relative to that in lean controls. Correspondingly, the proportion of serum triglyceride-rich lipoprotein containing apo B48 increased 4.7-fold in the obese Zucker(More)
Endothelial cells in growing tumors express activated Akt, which when modeled by transgenic endothelial expression of myrAkt1 was sufficient to recapitulate the abnormal structural and functional features of tumor blood vessels in nontumor tissues. Sustained endothelial Akt activation caused increased blood vessel size and generalized edema from chronic(More)
Vascular tumors are endothelial cell neoplasms whose cellular and molecular mechanisms, leading to tumor formation, are poorly understood, and current therapies have limited efficacy with significant side effects. We have investigated mechanistic (mammalian) target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling in benign and malignant vascular tumors, and the effects of(More)
Insulin inhibition of the secretion of apolipoprotein B (apo B) was studied in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes by using brefeldin A (BFA), an inhibitor of protein transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi apparatus, and by using the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-K) inhibitor wortmannin. Incubation of hepatocytes with BFA (10(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Complete blanching of port wine stain (PWS) birthmarks after laser therapy is rarely achieved for most patients. We postulate that the low therapeutic efficacy or treatment failure is caused by regeneration and revascularization of photocoagulated blood vessels due to angiogenesis associated with the skin's normal wound healing(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiosarcoma (AS) is a rare understudied soft tissue sarcoma exhibiting endothelial cell differentiation. We sought to evaluate AS natural history in the largest patient cohort reported to date and further unravel commonly deregulated molecular events of potential therapeutic utility. METHODS Medical records of AS patients (n = 222) treated at(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the stages of VEGF-A(164) driven angiogenesis that are inhibited by therapeutic doses of rapamycin and the potential role of S6K1 in that response. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the effects of rapamycin on the several stages of angiogensis and lymphangiogenesis induced with an adenovirus expressing VEGF-A(164) (Ad-VEGF-A(164)) in(More)
We investigated the functions of Akt during vascular development and remodeling by using an inducible endothelial cell-specific driver of the dominant-active myrAkt. We found that sustained signaling in response to overexpression of myrAkt led to embryonic lethality, edema, and vascular malformations. In addition to the morphological malformations, the(More)
Insulin inhibits apolipoprotein B (apoB) secretion by primary rat hepatocytes through activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-K). Current studies demonstrate that the PI 3-K inhibitor wortmannin inhibits both basal and insulin-stimulated PI 3-K activities. Wortmannin and LY 294002, two structurally distinct PI 3-K inhibitors, prevent insulin-dependent(More)