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Strains of a novel anaerobic, Gram-negative coccus were isolated from the supra-gingival plaque of children. Independent strains from each of six subjects were shown, at a phenotypic level and based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, to be members of the genus Veillonella. Analysis revealed that the six strains shared 99.7 % similarity in their 16S rRNA gene(More)
The predominant cultivable microbiota from 20 refractory endodontic lesions (9 with abscesses and 11 without abscesses) were determined, and Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis were among the most predominant organisms. The number of species identified from lesions with abscesses (14.1 ± 2.6) was significantly greater (P < 0.001) than the(More)
Streptococcus mutans, consisting of serotypes c, e, f and k, is an oral aciduric organism associated with the initiation and progression of dental caries. A total of 135 independent Streptococcus mutans strains from caries-free and caries-active subjects isolated from various geographical locations were examined in two versions of an MLST scheme consisting(More)
Several studies in recent years have provided evidence that Pseudomonas aeruginosa has a non-clonal population structure punctuated by highly successful epidemic clones or clonal complexes. The role of recombination in the diversification of P. aeruginosa clones has been suggested, but not yet demonstrated using multi-locus sequence typing (MLST). Isolates(More)
Actinomyces naeslundii is an important early colonizer in the oral biofilm and consists of three genospecies (1, 2 and WVA 963) which cannot be readily differentiated using conventional phenotypic testing or on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing. We have investigated a representative collection of type and reference strains and clinical and oral isolates(More)
Streptococcus mutans is widely recognized as one of the key etiological agents of human dental caries. Despite its role in this important disease, our present knowledge of gene content variability across the species and its relationship to adaptation is minimal. Estimates of its demographic history are not available. In this study, we generated genome(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the CAD catecholaminergic neuronal cell line is an appropriate model system to study the regulation of D(1) dopamine receptor expression. In this report, we show that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) up-regulates the expression of D(1) dopamine receptor in CAD cells. In addition, by comparing D(1) receptor mRNA(More)
The milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) fraction refers to the thin film of polar lipids and membrane proteins that surrounds fat globules in milk. It is its unique biochemical composition that renders MFGM with some beneficial biological activities, such as anti-adhesive effects toward pathogens. However, a prerequisite for the putative bioactivity of MFGM is(More)
. Three cell types including bovine pulmonary artery endothelium cells (CPAE), rat kangaroo kidney cells (PTK2), and human larynx epidermoid carcinoma cells (Hep-2) were used to study subcellular localisation and phototoxicity of Photofrin-II and lutetium texaphyrin (Lu Tex). Cells were examined for fluorescence after administration of the photosensitisers.(More)
The expression of D1 dopamine (DA) receptor gene is regulated during development, aging, and pathophysiology. The extracellular factors and signaling mechanisms that modulate the expression of D1 DA receptor have not been well characterized. Here, we present novel evidence that endogenous D1 DA receptor expression is inhibited by extracellular cAMP in the(More)