Thuc Le

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A club-shaped, tachykinin-immunopositive structure first described nearly two decades ago in the commissural ganglion (CoG) of three species of decapod crustaceans has remained enigmatic, as its function is unknown. Here, we use a combination of anatomical, mass spectrometric and electrophysiological techniques to address this issue in the crab Cancer(More)
Both vertebrate and invertebrate motor neurons can display bistable behavior in which self-sustained tonic firing results from a brief excitatory stimulus. Induction of the bistability is usually dependent on activation of intrinsic conductances located in the somatodendritic area and is commonly sensitive to action of neuromodulators. We have observed(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is best known as an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. Here we show, however, that GABA has an excitatory effect on nerve-evoked contractions and on excitatory junctional potentials (EJPs) of the gastric mill 4 (gm4) muscle from the stomach of the crab Cancer borealis. The threshold(More)
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