Thuan T . Dao

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A review of the literature on gender and clinical pain reveals a disproportionate representation of women receiving treatment for many pain conditions and suggests that women report more severe pain, more frequent pain, and pain of longer duration than do men. Gender differences in pain perception have also been extensively studied in the laboratory, and(More)
Outcome 4-6 years after retreatment was assessed for Phases 3 and 4 of the Toronto Study. Of 477 teeth retreated, 333 were lost to follow-up, 18 were extracted, and 126 (41% recall, excluding 124 discontinuers) were examined for outcome of healed (periapical index score, < or = 2; no signs or symptoms) or diseased. When pooled with Phases 1 and 2, 187 of(More)
Oral splints are widely used in the treatment of myofascial pain of masticatory muscles, even though their mechanism of action is unknown. The present study evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of splints using a parallel, randomized, controlled and blind design. Following a sample size estimation, 63 subjects were recruited and assigned to 3 groups: (1)(More)
This article presents an overview of possible mechanisms associated with pain perception, with a specific focus on understanding unusual manifestations of orofacial pain associated with nerve insult. It includes recent evidence concerning neurobiological changes that occur in the periphery at tissue and nerve sites, or within the central nervous system, and(More)
Despite the extensive use of oral splints in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and bruxism, their mechanisms of action remain controversial Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain their apparent efficacy (i.e., true therapeutic value), including the repositioning of condyle and/or the articular disc, reduction in the(More)
The success of osseointegration depends in part on the state of the host bed. Concerns have therefore been raised about osteoporosis, a condition believed to be associated with a decrease in bone quality and quantity. However, the orthopedic literature indicates that osteoporotic fractures heal readily and that the level of bone mass and estimates of the(More)
The 4- to 6-year outcome of initial endodontic treatment was assessed for phase III (1998-1999) of the Toronto Study. Of the 532 teeth treated, 248 were from discontinuers (excluded), 142 from dropouts, 10 extracted, and 132 (50% recall) examined for outcome: healed (no apical periodontitis [AP], signs, symptoms) or diseased. Phase III was analyzed alone(More)
Pain education, especially for undergraduates, has been identified as important to changing problematic pain practices, yet, no published data were found describing an integrated, interprofessional pain curriculum for undergraduate students. Therefore, this project aimed to develop, implement, and evaluate an integrated pain curriculum, based on the(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM The predominance of myofascial pain in women in childbearing years suggests that the reproductive hormones may play a role in this pain disorder. PURPOSE The potential influence of these hormones on myofascial pain was evaluated. METHODS Pain patterns were compared across three consecutive menstrual cycles in oral contraceptives(More)
This study prospectively assessed the 4 to 8 yr outcome of apical surgery performed by graduate students in phases I and II of the Toronto Study. The study cohort included 155 teeth in 138 patients. Outcome was assessed by a blinded and calibrated examiner. Clinical and radiographic measures were used for a dichotomous outcome: healed (no signs and(More)