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Three-dimensional (3D) cell culture plays an invaluable role in tumor biology by providing in vivo like microenviroment and responses to therapeutic agents. Among many established 3D scaffolds, hydrogels demonstrate a distinct property as matrics for 3D cell culture. Most of the existing pre-gel solutions are limited under physiological conditions such as(More)
Previous studies suggest that many neoplastic tissues exhibit a decrease in gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). Many hydrocarbons and organochlorine compounds are environmental pollutants known to be carcinogenic. The effect of an organochlorine compound, TCDD, on GJIC in human breast cell lines has not been established. In the present study,(More)
Lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF) has been shown to enhance survival of lens epithelial cells (LECs) against stress. The objectives of these studies are to determine how LEDGF controls PKC gamma activity in normal LECs: how this control of PKC gamma regulates the phosphorylation of Connexin 43, the inhibition of gap junction activity, and the(More)
Promising anti-breast cancer agents derived from substituted quinolines were discovered. The quinolines were readily synthesized in a large scale from a sequence of reactions starting from 4-acetamidoanisole. The Michael addition product was isolated as the reaction intermediate in the ring closing reaction of(More)
Cancer cells have reduced capacity for gap junctional inter-cellular communication (GJIC). One feasible approach to reduce growth of cancer cells is to enhance GJIC. This report shows that a second-generation substituted quinoline, PQ7, has anti-tumor effect. Scrape load/dye transfer and colony growth assays were performed to measure GJIC and tumor(More)
Male breast cancer is a rare disease. The limited number of clinical cases has led to the primary treatments for men being derived from female breast cancer studies. Here the transgenic strain FVB/N-Tg(MMTV-PyVT)634Mul/J (also known as PyVT) was used as a model system for measuring tumor burden and drug sensitivity of the antineoplastic drugs tamoxifen,(More)
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in the United States with an early detection rate of only 39%. Colorectal cancer cells along with other cancer cells exhibit many deficiencies in cell-to-cell communication, particularly gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). GJIC has been reported to diminish as cancer cells progress. Gap(More)
We have shown previously that insulin-like growth factor-I or lens epithelium-derived growth factor increases the translocation of protein kinase Cgamma (PKCgamma)to the membrane and the phosphorylation of Cx43 by PKCgamma and causes a subsequent decrease of gap junction activity (Nguyen, T. A., Boyle, D. L., Wagner, L. M., Shinohara, T., and Takemoto, D.(More)
Connexin proteins are the principle structural components of the gap junctions. Colocalization and tissue-specific expression of diverse connexin molecules are reported to occur in a variety of organs. Impairment of gap junctional intercellular communication, caused by mutations, gain of function or loss of function of connexins, is involved in a number of(More)
Cancer cells exhibit many defects in cell communication that contribute to the loss of tissue homeostasis (excess cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis). The process of cancer formation causes a disruption in cell homeostasis, affecting the ability to respond to extracellular signals, as well as triggering some intracellular events which alter gap(More)