Thorsten Pfeiffer

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The cleavage mechanism has been studied for nuclear RNase P from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Homo sapiens sapiens and Dictyostelium discoideum, representing distantly related branches of the Eukarya. This was accomplished by using precursor tRNAs (ptRNAs) carrying a single Rp or Sp-phosphorothioate modification at the normal RNase P cleavage site (position(More)
The novel protein PTPIP51 (protein tyrosine phosphatase-interacting protein 51), which has been found to interact with protein tyrosine phosphatases of the PTP1B/TcPTP subfamily, is expressed in all suprabasal layers of human epidermis. Hence, a human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) grown on culture slides was used as a simplified model system to study the(More)
Vigilin, which is found predominantly in cells and tissues with high levels of protein biosynthesis, was isolated in its native form from human HEp-2 cells (A.T.C.C. CCL23) by immunoaffinity chromatography. Here we demonstrate that vigilin is part of a novel large tRNA-binding ribonucleoprotein complex (tRNP), found not only in the cytoplasm, but also in(More)
We have analyzed the genomic region harboring str-S10-spc-related gene clusters in the thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus (Tt) HB8. This study was initiated for the purpose of isolating the gene encoding ribosomal (r-) protein S10 which is assumed to be involved in the antitermination of transcription at the rRNA-encoding genes in Bacteria. The(More)
Vigilin is a ubiquitous multi heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) K homologous (KH)-domain protein. Here we demonstrate that purified recombinant human vigilin binds tRNA molecules with high affinity, although with limited specificity. Nuclear microinjection experiments revealed for the first time that the immuno-affinity-purified nuclear(More)
We have identified by nucleotide analog interference mapping (NAIM) exocyclic NH2 groups of guanosines in RNase P RNA from Escherichia coli that are important for tRNA binding. The majority of affected guanosines represent phylogenetically conserved nucleotides. Several sites of interference could be assigned to direct contacts with the tRNA moiety, whereas(More)
We have introduced point mutations into the leader boxA of a plasmid-encoded Escherichia coli rrnB operon to study the in vivo role of this regulatory element in the natural context of rRNA synthesis. The same mutations were previously shown to cause severe antitermination defects in vitro and in the context of a reporter gene assay. The plasmid-encoded(More)
A boxA sequence, known to be important for transcriptional antitermination, is found in both the leader region and in the spacer between the 16 S and 23 S genes of Escherichia coli ribosomal RNA operons. We have shown that a functional leader boxA is important for efficient completion of 16 S rRNA transcription. In this study, point mutations were(More)
We analysed the processing of small bipartite model substrates by Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis RNase P and corresponding hybrid enzymes. We demonstrate specific trans-cleavage of a model substrate with a 4 bp stem and a 1 nucleotide (nt) 5' flank, representing to date the smallest mimic of a natural RNase P substrate that could be processed in(More)
It is demonstrated that acceptor stem duplexes derived from native tRNAs which contain a three-nucleotide extension at the 5'-terminus of mature tRNA are minimal substrates for ribonuclease P from both Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. Variants with a cytidine at position -1 are most efficiently processed whereas the G -1 variant represents a(More)