Thorsten Oeser

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Bacterial cutinases are promising catalysts for the modification and degradation of the widely used plastic polyethylene terephthalate (PET). The improvement of the enzyme for industrial purposes is limited due to the lack of structural information for cutinases of bacterial origin. We have crystallized and structurally characterized a cutinase from(More)
The gram-positive thermophilic actinomycete Thermobifida fusca KW3 secretes a highly hydrophobic carboxylesterase (TfCa) that is able to hydrolyze poly(ethylene terephthalate). TfCa was produced in the Escherichia coli strain BL21(DE3) as a fusion protein consisting of a pelB leader sequence to ensure periplasmic localization of the protein and a His(6) tag(More)
We have identified a carboxylesterase produced in liquid cultures of the thermophilic actinomycete Thermobifida fusca KW3 that were supplemented with poly(ethylene terephthalate) fibers. The enzyme hydrolyzed highly hydrophobic, synthetic cyclic poly(ethylene terephthalate) trimers with an optimal activity at 60°C and a pH of 6. V max and K m values for the(More)
The enzymatic degradation of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) occurs at mild reaction conditions and may find applications in environmentally friendly plastic waste recycling processes. The hydrolytic activity of the homologous polyester hydrolases LC cutinase (LCC) from a compost metagenome and TfCut2 from Thermobifida fusca KW3 against PET films was(More)
Elevated reaction temperatures are crucial for the efficient enzymatic degradation of polyethylene terephthalate (PET). A disulfide bridge was introduced to the polyester hydrolase TfCut2 to substitute its calcium binding site. The melting point of the resulting variant increased to 94.7 °C (wild-type TfCut2: 69.8 °C) and its half-inactivation temperature(More)
Polyurethanes (PU) are widely used synthetic polymers. The growing amount of PU used industrially has resulted in a worldwide increase of plastic wastes. The related environmental pollution as well as the limited availability of the raw materials based on petrochemicals requires novel solutions for their efficient degradation and recycling. The degradation(More)
A sensitive and specific procedure is described for the determination of serum creatinine by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. The method involves sample pretreatment with a cation exchange resin followed by the isocratic separation of creatinine and an external standard which are detected by their absorbances at 254 nm. The analytical(More)
Thermomonospora curvata is a thermophilic actinomycete phylogenetically related to Thermobifida fusca that produces extracellular hydrolases capable of degrading synthetic polyesters. Analysis of the genome of T. curvata DSM43183 revealed two genes coding for putative polyester hydrolases Tcur1278 and Tcur0390 sharing 61% sequence identity with the T. fusca(More)
Thermophilic actinomycetes produce enzymes capable of hydrolyzing synthetic polyesters such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET). In addition to carboxylesterases, which have hydrolytic activity predominantly against PET oligomers, esterases related to cutinases also hydrolyze synthetic polymers. The production of these enzymes by actinomycetes as well as(More)
Recent studies on the enzymatic degradation of synthetic polyesters have shown the potential of polyester hydrolases from thermophilic actinomycetes for modifying or degrading polyethylene terephthalate (PET). TfCut2 from Thermobifida fusca KW3 and LC-cutinase (LCC) isolated from a compost metagenome are remarkably active polyester hydrolases with high(More)