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Since the discovery of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) in 1987, extensive research has been conducted analyzing the APP-derived beta-amyloid (Abeta) which is found in massive quantities in senile plaques of Alzheimer disease (AD) patients. Numerous studies over the last two decades have demonstrated the neurotoxic properties of Abeta. However, it is(More)
Amyloidogenic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) results in the generation of beta-amyloid, the main constituent of Alzheimer plaques, and the APP intracellular domain (AICD). Recently, it has been demonstrated that AICD has transactivation potential; however, the targets of AICD-dependent gene regulation and hence the physiological role of(More)
One of the hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD) is a depletion of dopamine. Error processing, as reflected in a component of the event-related potential, the so-called error (related) negativity (Ne or ERN) is likely dependent on the midbrain dopaminergic system. In case of an unfavourable event such as an error, this system is assumed to send an error(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder frequent at old age characterized by atrophy of the nigrostriatal projection. Overexpression and A53T-mutation of the presynaptic, vesicle-associated chaperone alpha-synuclein are known to cause early-onset autosomal dominant PD. We previously generated mice with transgenic overexpression of human(More)
Brain functions are determined not only by processing in single brain areas but also by dynamic interactions within and between distributed neural networks. We investigated functional connectivity between two brain systems underlying complementary components of verbal working memory. The use of the articulatory rehearsal ("inner speech") mechanism enhanced(More)
FE65 is a cytosolic adapter protein and an important binding partner of amyloid precursor protein. Dependent on Thr668 phosphorylation in amyloid precursor protein, which influences amyloidogenic amyloid precursor protein processing, FE65 undergoes nuclear translocation, thereby transmitting a signal from the cell membrane to the nucleus. As this(More)
Here we employed human SHEP neuroblastoma cells either stably or inducibly expressing the amyloid precursor protein (APP) intracellular domain (AICD) to investigate its ability to modulate stress-induced cell death. Analysis of effector caspase activation revealed that AICD overexpression was specifically associated with an increased sensitivity to(More)
An 18-year-old male patient with MELAS phenotype and 2 previous episodes of cerebral stroke, recurrent seizures and nephropathy, was treated with creatine monohydrate after the acute onset of psychomental regression and changing states of somnolence and aggressive and agitated behaviour. These symptoms disappeared completely after 4 weeks of treatment with(More)
Human post-mortem brain samples are excellent source material for the analysis of age-related disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Moreover, data obtained from cell culture- or mouse model-related experiments often need to be validated by using human tissue. In a variety of studies over the last few years, a huge list of genes or proteins with(More)