Thorsten Lemm

Learn More
According to a recent hypothesis, glycosphingolipids originating from the plasma membrane are degraded in the acidic compartments of the cell as components of intraendosomal and intralysosomal vesicles and structures. Since most previous in vitro investigations used micellar ganglioside GM2 as substrate, we studied the degradation of membrane-bound(More)
Lysosomal degradation of ganglioside GM2 by beta-hexosaminidase A (hex A) requires the presence of the GM2 activator protein (GM2AP) as an essential cofactor. A deficiency of the GM2 activator causes the AB variant of GM2 gangliosidosis, a recessively inherited disorder characterized by excessive neuronal accumulation of GM2 and related glycolipids. Two(More)
The GM2-activator protein (GM2AP) belongs to a group of five small, nonenzymatic proteins that are essential cofactors for the degradation of glycosphingolipids in the lysosome. It mediates the interaction between the water-soluble enzyme beta-hexosaminidase A and its membrane-embedded substrate, ganglioside GM2, at the lipid-water interphase. Inherited(More)
Biochemical and structural studies on human acid sphingomyelinase (haSMase) depend on the access to homogeneous biologically active enzyme. Due to the low abundance of native haSMase (n-haSMase) in human tissue, conventional purification strategies are not suitable for the isolation of preparative amounts of the enzyme. We describe a novel approach to the(More)
Lysosomal degradation of ganglioside GM2 by hexosaminidase A requires the presence of a small, non-enzymatic cofactor, the GM2-activator protein (GM2AP). Lack of functional protein leads to the AB variant of GM2-gangliosidosis, a fatal lysosomal storage disease. Although its possible mode of action and functional domains have been discussed frequently in(More)
The GM2-activator protein (GM2AP) is an essential cofactor for the lysosomal degradation of ganglioside GM2 by beta-hexosaminidase A (HexA). It mediates the interaction between the water-soluble exohydrolase and its membrane-embedded glycolipid substrate at the lipid-water interface. Functional deficiencies in this protein result in a fatal neurological(More)
The GM2-activator protein (GM2AP) is a small non-enzymatic cofactor assisting the enzyme beta-hexosaminidase A in the lysosomal degradation of ganglioside GM2. Mutations in the gene encoding this glycoprotein lead to a fatal neurological disorder, the AB variant of GM2-gangliosidoses. In this paper, we describe the overexpression of GM2AP in Sf21 cells(More)
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and film balance measurements were performed to study the interactions of the GalNAcbeta1-->4(NeuAcalpha2-->3)Galbeta1-->4Glc1 -->1'Cer (GM2)-activator protein with phospholipid/ganglioside vesicles and monolayers. The nonglycosylated form of the GM2-activator protein, added to unilamellar lipid vesicles of different(More)
The interaction between glycosphingolipids and recombinant human GM2-activator was studied in a microwell binding assay. A-series gangliosides like GM3, GM2 and GM1 were strongly bound by the recombinant human GM2 activator. A weak binding was observed to GD1b and sulfatide, while neutral glycolipids were not bound. Optimal binding occurred at pH 4.2 and(More)
Mouse models of the G(M2) gangliosidoses, Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff disease, are null for the hexosaminidase alpha and beta subunits respectively. The Sandhoff (Hexb-/-) mouse has severe neurological disease and mimics the human infantile onset variant. However, the Tay-Sachs (Hexa-/-) mouse model lacks an overt phenotype as mice can partially bypass the(More)