Thorsten Heinzel

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Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play important roles in transcriptional regulation and pathogenesis of cancer. Thus, HDAC inhibitors are candidate drugs for differentiation therapy of cancer. Here, we show that the well-tolerated antiepileptic drug valproic acid is a powerful HDAC inhibitor. Valproic acid relieves HDAC-dependent transcriptional repression and(More)
Nuclear receptors regulate gene expression by direct activation of target genes and inhibition of AP-1. Here we report that, unexpectedly, activation by nuclear receptors requires the actions of CREB-binding protein (CBP) and that inhibition of AP-1 activity is the apparent result of competition for limiting amounts of CBP/p300 in cells. Utilizing distinct(More)
Histone-modifying enzymes play essential roles in physiological and aberrant gene regulation. Since histone deacetylases (HDACs) are promising targets of cancer therapy, it is important to understand the mechanisms of HDAC regulation. Selective modulators of HDAC isoenzymes could serve as efficient and well-tolerated drugs. We show that HDAC2 undergoes(More)
BACKGROUND Valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, induced in vitro differentiation of primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts, an effect enhanced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). Clinical responses to VPA were recently observed in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Herein, the authors have described results of a(More)
Cytokines such as interferons (IFNs) activate signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) via phosphorylation. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) and the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) CBP dynamically regulate STAT1 acetylation. Here we show that acetylation of STAT1 counteracts IFN-induced STAT1 phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, DNA(More)
This review focuses on the posttranslational acetylation of non-histone proteins, which determines vital regulatory processes. The recruitment of histone acetyltransferases and histone deacetylases to the transcriptional machinery is a key element in the dynamic regulation of genes controlling cellular proliferation and differentiation. A steadily growing(More)
In acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs) with t(8;21), the transcription factor AML1 is juxtaposed to the zinc finger nuclear protein ETO (Eight-Twenty-One), resulting in transcriptional repression of AML1 target genes. ETO has been shown to interact with corepressors, such as N-CoR and mSin3A to form complexes containing histone deacetylases. To define regions of(More)
Survivin appears to function as an apoptosis inhibitor and a regulator of cell division during development and tumorigenesis. Here we report the molecular characterization of the nucleocytoplasmic transport of survivin and its potential implications for tumorigenesis. We identified an evolutionary conserved Crm1-dependent nuclear export signal (NES) in(More)
The maintenance of health depends on the coordinated and tightly regulated expression of genetic information. Certain forms of leukemia have become paradigms for the pathogenic role of aberrant repression of differentiation genes. In these acute leukemias, fusion proteins generated by chromosomal translocations no longer function as transcriptional(More)
Acetylation of signaling molecules can lead to apoptosis or differentiation of carcinoma cells. The molecular mechanisms underlying these processes and the biological role of enzymes mediating the transfer or removal of an acetyl-group are currently under intense investigation. Our study shows that Stat1 is an acetylated protein. Stat1 acetylation depends(More)