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The neurotransmitter 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), commonly known as serotonin, is stored at peripheral sites in mast cells and released from this peripheral source upon IgE cross-linking. In this study, we investigated the expression of serotoninergic receptors (5-HTR), the signaling pathway, and biological activity of 5-HT on human dendritic cells (DC),(More)
The neurotransmitter 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), commonly known as serotonin, is released at peripheral sites from activated enterochromaffin cells, mast cells and platelets. In this study we analyzed the biological activity and intracellular signaling of 5-HT in human monocytes. By reverse transcription (RT) and PCR, messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of 5-HT(More)
Beside its well described role in the central and peripheral nervous system 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), commonly known as serotonin, is also a potent immuno-modulator. Serotoninergic receptors (5-HTR) are expressed by a broad range of inflammatory cell types, including dendritic cells (DCs). In this study, we aimed to further characterize the(More)
Extracellular ATP acts as a "danger signal" and can induce inflammation by binding to purinergic receptors. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the most common inflammatory diseases associated with cigarette smoke inhalation, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. In this study, we show that endogenous pulmonary ATP levels(More)
RATIONALE Extracellular ATP promotes inflammation, but its role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unknown. OBJECTIVES To analyze the expression of ATP and its functional consequences in never-smokers, asymptomatic smokers, and patients with COPD. METHODS ATP was quantified in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of never-smokers,(More)
P2X₇R deficiency is associated with a less severe outcome in acute and chronic inflammatory disorders. Recently, we demonstrated that extracellular adenosine triphosphate is involved in the pathogenesis of asthma by modulating the function of dendritic cells (DCs). However, the role of the purinergic receptor subtype P2X₇ is unknown. To elucidate the role(More)
Extracellular ATP is up-regulated in the airways of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and may contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. However, the precise mechanisms are poorly understood. Our objective was to investigate the functional role of the ATP receptor P2X(7) in the pathogenesis of cigarette smoke (CS)-induced lung(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lipid mediator, which is generated by secretory type II phospholipase A(2) and is thought to play a major role in the pathogenesis of atopic diseases. In this study, the biological activity of LPA on human eosinophils was characterized. We showed by reverse transcription and PCR that human eosinophils express the(More)
RATIONALE 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is involved in the pathogenesis of allergic airway inflammation (AAI). It is unclear, however, how 5-HT contributes to AAI and whether this depends on tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) 1, the critical enzyme for peripheral 5-HT synthesis. OBJECTIVES To elucidate the role of TPH1 and the peripheral source of 5-HT in asthma(More)