Thor Allan Stenberg

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INTRODUCTION Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is increasingly used to restore mean arterial pressure (MAP) in low-pressure shock states unresponsive to conventional inotropes. This is potentially deleterious since AVP is also known to reduce cardiac output by increasing vascular resistance. The effects of AVP on blood flow to vital organs and cardiac performance(More)
BACKGROUND Speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) can be used to quantify wall strain in 3 dimensions and thus has the potential to improve the identification of hypokinetic but viable myocardium on dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). However, if different myocardial layers respond heterogeneously, STE-DSE will have to be standardized according to(More)
The study compares the single dose histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) cardioplegia to the repeatedly delivered St Thomas' Hospital Solution (STHS) with respect to preservation of left ventricular mechanoenergetics and leakage of troponin T in a porcine experimental model. Fourteen pigs were randomized to a single infusion of 30 ml/kg HTK cardioplegia(More)
BACKGROUND Pretreatment with β-glucan has been shown to protect against regional ischemia-reperfusion injury, through inhibition of myocardial NF-κB activation. The aim was to examine whether β-glucan pretreatment could protect against the global ischemia-reperfusion injury, which is encountered in the clinical setting during open heart surgery. MATERIALS(More)
The mechanisms contributing to multiorgan dysfunction during cardiogenic shock are poorly understood. Our goal was to characterize the microcirculatory and mitochondrial responses following ≥ 10 hours of severe left ventricular failure and cardiogenic shock. We employed a closed-chest porcine model of cardiogenic shock induced by left coronary(More)
We assessed the hemodynamic effects of guideline therapy in experimental cardiogenic shock and compared this treatment with a combination containing an alternative vasopressor (arginine vasopressin, AVP). Our hypothesis was that combined dobutamine-norepinephrine still is the superior inopressor therapy assessed by ventriculoarterial matching in both(More)
BACKGROUND We addressed the hypothesis that the inotropic drugs dobutamine and levosimendan both induce surplus oxygen consumption (oxygen wasting) relative to their contractile effect in equipotent therapeutic doses, with levosimendan being energetically more efficient. METHODS AND RESULTS Postischemically reduced left ventricular function (stunning) was(More)
Adrenomedullin (AM) used therapeutically reduces mortality in the acute phase of experimental myocardial infarction. However, AM is potentially deleterious in acute heart failure as it is vasodilative and inotropically neutral. AM and epinephrine (EPI) are cosecreted from chromaffin cells, indicating a physiological interaction. We assessed the hemodynamic(More)
OBJECTIVE We have recently shown that adenosine instead of supranormal potassium in cold crystalloid cardioplegia improves cardioprotection. Studies indicate that hyperkalemia has unfavorable effects on vascular endothelial function. Three pathways have been identified as major vasodilatory pathways: the nitric oxide (NO) pathway, the cyclooxygenase (COX)(More)
Intravital videomicroscopy of sublingual microcirculation is used to monitor critically ill patients. Existing guidelines suggest averaging handheld video recordings of ∼20 s in duration from five areas. We assessed whether an extended observation time may provide additional information on the microcirculation. Pigs (n = 8) under general anesthesia were(More)