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Hirschsprung disease (HSCR, congenital colon aganglionosis) is a relatively common complex genetic condition caused by abnormal development of the enteric nervous system (ENS). Through a recent genome-wide association study conducted on Chinese HSCR patients, we identified a new HSCR contributing locus, neuregulin 1 (NRG1; 8p12), a gene known to be involved(More)
NRG1 is one of the best-supported schizophrenia (SZ) susceptibility genes. A NRG1 V266L missense mutation has been found to be associated with SZ in several populations. V266L is not in linkage disequilibrium with any of the SZ-associated NRG1 haplotypes described thus far, and may represent an independent SZ susceptibility locus within NRG1 gene. V266 is a(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the coding regions of receptor tyrosine kinase gene (RET) are associated with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR, aganglionic megacolon). These SNPs, individually or combined, may act as a low penetrance susceptibility locus and/or be in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with another susceptibility locus located in RET(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic factors that determine the risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) among patients with multinodular goiter (MNG) remain undefined. Because thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) is important to thyroid development, we evaluated whether the gene that encodes it, TITF-1/NKX2.1, is a genetic determinant of MNG/PTC predisposition. (More)
BACKGROUND Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is a congenital disorder associated with the lack of intramural ganglion cells in the myenteric and sub-mucosal plexuses along varying segments of the gastrointestinal tract. The RET gene is the major gene implicated in this gastrointestinal disease. A highly recurrent mutation in RET (RET(R114H)) has recently been(More)
Rare (RVs) and common variants of the RET gene contribute to Hirschsprung disease (HSCR; congenital aganglionosis). While RET common variants are strongly associated with the commonest manifestation of the disease (males; short-segment aganglionosis; sporadic), rare coding sequence (CDS) variants are more frequently found in the lesser common and more(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of partial absence of the sacrum, anorectal anomalies, and presacral mass constitutes Currarino syndrome (CS), which is associated with mutations in HLXB9. METHODS We analyzed 5 CS families and 6 sporadic cases for HLXB9 mutations by direct sequencing. Potentially pathologic expansions of HLXB9 GCC repeats were analyzed in(More)
The primary pathology of Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR, colon aganglionosis) is the absence of ganglia in variable lengths of the hindgut, resulting in functional obstruction. HSCR is attributed to a failure of migration of the enteric ganglion precursors along the developing gut. RET is a key regulator of the development of the enteric nervous system (ENS)(More)
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