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OBJECTIVE Cytoarchitectonic changes in the anterior cingulate cortex, hippocampus, subiculum, entorhinal cortex, amygdala, mammillary bodies, and septum were reported in a postmortem study of autism. Previously, the authors found smaller cingulate volume and decreased metabolism of the cingulate in seven autistic patients. In this study, they measured the(More)
OBJECTIVE In an exploration of the schizophrenia spectrum, the authors compared thalamic size, shape, and metabolic activity in unmedicated patients with schizophrenia and schizotypal personality disorder to findings in age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects. METHOD Coregistered magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography(More)
This study used fMRI to examine the response of the amygdala in the evaluation and short-term recognition memory of unpleasant vs. neutral words in nine right-handed healthy adult women. To establish specificity of the amygdala response, we examined the fMRI BOLD signal in one control region (visual cortex). Alternating blocks of unpleasant and neutral(More)
The regional metabolic effects of fluoxetine were examined in patients with autism spectrum disorders. Six adult patients with DSM-IV and Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI) diagnoses of autism (n = 5) and Asperger's syndrome (n = 1), entered a 16-wk placebo-controlled cross-over trial of fluoxetine. The patients received (18)F-deoxyglucose positron emission(More)
The size and shape of the corpus callosum were assessed on sagittal section magnetic resonance images in 27 patients with schizophrenia, 13 patients with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD), and 30 healthy volunteers. High-resolution 1.2mm axial SPGR images were acquired and resectioned so that the sagittal plane passed through the anterior and posterior(More)
The volumes of the whole temporal lobe, the superior temporal gyrus and the corpus callosum were measured on magnetic resonance images from 13 patients with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD), 27 patients with schizophrenia, and 31 age- and sex-matched controls. Temporal lobe structures were traced on consecutive 1.2mm thick SPGR images. Both patient(More)
A letter-identification task, previously demonstrated to show activation of the pulvinar nucleus of the thalamus with fluodeoxyglucose position emission tomography, was administered to 20 normal volunteers. The letter to be detected could appear alone as a big stimulus or as a small one stimulus surrounded by flanking letters. To test for a hemispheric(More)
We have used fluorescence photobleaching and recovery (FPR) to measure the lateral diffusion of mouse H-2 antigens, labeled with fluorescent Fab fragments, in the membrane of cl 1d fibroblasts. Diffusion coefficients, D, vary more than 20-fold from cell to cell, though they vary no more than twofold when measured at different points on a single cell. The(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in 12 patients with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD), 11 patients with chronic schizophrenia, and 23 age- and sex-matched normal volunteers. MRI slices were acquired in the axial plane at 1.2-mm intervals, and the ventricles were traced on every other slice. The lateral ventricular system was divided into(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We used quantitative diffusion MR imaging to investigate the microstructural changes that occur in white matter during normal aging in order to identify regional changes in anisotropy and to quantify global microstructural changes by use of whole-brain diffusion histograms. METHODS Full diffusion tensor MR imaging was performed in(More)