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Motivation: This article presents a method for assembling shotgun sequences which primarily uses high confidence regions whilst taking advantage of additional available information such as low confidence regions, quality values or repetitive region tags. Conflict situations are resolved with routines for analysing trace signals. Results: Initial tests with(More)
Regional differences in sleep EEG dynamics indicate that sleep-related brain activity involves local brain processes with sleep stage specific activity patterns of neuronal populations. Macroscopically, it is not fully understood which cerebral brain regions are involved in the successive discontinuation of wakefulness. We simultaneously used EEG and(More)
Voxel-based morphometry has recently been used successfully to detect gray matter volume reductions in schizophrenic patients. The aim of the present study was to confirm the findings on gray-matter changes and to complement these by applying the methodology to CSF-differences. Also, we wanted to determine whether a correlation exists between a clinically(More)
High thalamocortical neuronal activity characterizes both, wakefulness and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, but apparently this network fulfills other roles than processing external information during REM sleep. To investigate thalamic and cortical reactivity during human REM sleep, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging with simultaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Open clinical trials indicate that low doses of pergolide, a long-acting D1 and D2 dopamine agonist, lead to a reduction in the symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS) with subjective improvement in sleep quality. OBJECTIVE To assess the therapeutic efficacy of pergolide in improving sleep and subjective measures of well-being in patients with(More)
OBJECT In humans, even a single night of partial sleep deprivation (PSD) can have a negative impact on cognition and affective processing, suggesting that sleep pressure represents a basic physiological constraint of brain function. Among the spontaneously fluctuating resting state networks, the default mode network (DMN) and its anticorrelated network(More)
Restless legs syndrome is one of the most common neurological disorders, with a prevalence of 2% to 9% in the elderly population. Sensory and motor symptoms of the legs and an urge to move that occur at rest may lead to severe sleep disturbances and are part of the syndrome. Typical history and normal neurological examination lead to the clinical diagnosis.(More)
Although there is evidence that acoustic stimuli are processed differently during sleep and wakefulness, little is known about the underlying neuronal mechanisms. In the present study, the processing of an acoustic stimulus was investigated during different non rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep stages using a combined EEG/fMRI approach in healthy human(More)
An open follow-up of a controlled study in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) shows that the beneficial effect of pergolide on RLS symptoms persists throughout at least 1 year. Twenty-two patients of 28 (78.6%) continued to take pergolide. Polysomnographic measurements showed a persistent improvement of PLM index, PLMS arousal index, total sleep(More)
Prominent local decreases in blood oxygenation level (BOLD) can be observed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) upon acoustic stimulation during sleep. The goal of this study was to further characterize this BOLD signal decrease with respect to corresponding neurophysiological phenomena using a simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG)/fMRI(More)