Thomas Westermaier

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OBJECTIVE To examine whether the maintenance of elevated magnesium serum concentrations by intravenous administration of magnesium sulfate can reduce the occurrence of cerebral ischemic events after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study. SETTING Neurosurgical intensive care unit of a University(More)
Delayed cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a serious medical complication, characterized by constriction of cerebral arteries leading to varying degrees of cerebral ischemia. Numerous clinical and experimental studies have been performed in the last decades; however, the pathophysiologic mechanism of cerebral vasospasm after SAH(More)
Arachnoid cysts are fluid-filled duplications or splittings of the arachnoid layer with a content which is similar but not equal to the cerebrospinal fluid. Arachnoid cysts are not actual neurodegenerative disorders, rather the underlying defect of the texture of the arachnoid layer is probably congenital in nature. They can occur sporadically or can be(More)
BACKGROUND Derangement of cerebral metabolism occurs after various insults such as ischemia, traumatic brain injury, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). OBJECTIVE To investigate the course of cerebral blood flow and metabolic parameters in the first hours after experimental SAH. METHODS Sixteen Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to SAH using the(More)
Background. If detected in time, delayed cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may be treated by balloon angioplasty or chemical vasospasmolysis in order to enhance cerebral blood flow (CBF) and protect the brain from ischemic damage. This study was conceived to compare the diagnostic accuracy of detailed neurological(More)
OBJECTIVE Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma (aSDH) may be caused by aneurysm rupture. Patients can present in very poor clinical condition with anisocoria or even bilaterally dilated pupils, absent brainstem reflexes, and cardiac insufficiency. For the clinician, the question is how should these patients be treated? Large series on this subject do not(More)
OBJECT Immediate vasoconstriction after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has been observed in a number of experimental studies. However, it has not yet been examined which pattern this acute-type vascular reaction follows and whether it correlates with the intensity of SAH. It was the purpose of the present study to vary the extent of SAH using the(More)
A growing number of industrially manufactured implants have been developed in the last years for vertebral replacement in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF). Polyetheretherketone (PEEK)-cages are used in many centers, but outcome reports are scarce. This study assesses the clinical and radiological outcome after one- or two-level ACCF by the use(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A combined therapeutic approach has been advocated repeatedly for treatment of focal cerebral ischemia. A clinical example of combined therapy is administration of nimodipine, mannitol, dexamethasone, and barbiturates during temporary occlusion of a cerebral artery in neurovascular surgery. We have recently demonstrated outstanding(More)
Present knowledge about hemodynamic and metabolic changes after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) originates from neuromonitoring usually starting with aneurysm surgery and animal studies that have been focusing on the first 1 to 3 h after SAH. Most patients, however, are referred to treatment several hours after the insult. We examined the course of(More)