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Background. If detected in time, delayed cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may be treated by balloon angioplasty or chemical vasospasmolysis in order to enhance cerebral blood flow (CBF) and protect the brain from ischemic damage. This study was conceived to compare the diagnostic accuracy of detailed neurological(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether the maintenance of elevated magnesium serum concentrations by intravenous administration of magnesium sulfate can reduce the occurrence of cerebral ischemic events after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study. SETTING Neurosurgical intensive care unit of a University(More)
OBJECT Mild-to-moderate hypothermia is increasingly used for neuroprotection in humans. However, it is unknown whether administration of barbiturate medications in burst-suppressive doses-the gold standard of neuroprotection during neurovascular procedures-provides an additional protective effect under hypothermic conditions. The authors conducted the(More)
BACKGROUND Derangement of cerebral metabolism occurs after various insults such as ischemia, traumatic brain injury, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). OBJECTIVE To investigate the course of cerebral blood flow and metabolic parameters in the first hours after experimental SAH. METHODS Sixteen Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to SAH using the(More)
OBJECT Immediate vasoconstriction after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has been observed in a number of experimental studies. However, it has not yet been examined which pattern this acute-type vascular reaction follows and whether it correlates with the intensity of SAH. It was the purpose of the present study to vary the extent of SAH using the(More)
OBJECT The authors undertook this study to investigate whether the physiological mechanism of cerebral blood flow (CBF) regulation by alteration of the arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO₂) can be used to increase CBF after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). METHODS In 6 mechanically ventilated patients with poor-grade aSAH, the(More)
Delayed cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a serious medical complication, characterized by constriction of cerebral arteries leading to varying degrees of cerebral ischemia. Numerous clinical and experimental studies have been performed in the last decades; however, the pathophysiologic mechanism of cerebral vasospasm after SAH(More)
BACKGROUND During many neurovascular procedures temporary occlusion of cerebral arteries is inevitable. Neuroprotective drugs may reduce the risk of cerebral infarction in this situation. Increasing evidence indicates neuroprotective properties of magnesium in cerebral ischemia. Previous experimental studies on the neuroprotective efficacy of(More)
Severe brain edema is observed in a number of patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Little is known about its pathogenesis and time-course in the first hours after SAH. This study was performed to investigate the development of brain edema and its correlation with brain perfusion after experimental SAH. Male Sprague–Dawley rats, randomly(More)
Laser Doppler fluxmetry (LDF) and electrocorticography (ECG) are techniques used to indicate successful occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO) in the intraluminal filament model of ischemic stroke. However, each method has several advantages and drawbacks. This article describes a simple technique to simultaneously and continuously monitor LDF and(More)