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Stiffness of elastic arteries like the aorta predicts cardiovascular risk. By directly reflecting arterial stiffness, having the best predictive value for cardiovascular outcome and the ease of its measurement, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity is now considered the gold standard for arterial stiffness assessment in daily practice. Many different(More)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, fatal, neurodegenerative disease caused by a transmissible agent designated as proteinaceous infectious agent (prion). Searching for biochemical markers of CJD, we analysed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of 53 patients for tau-protein using an enzyme linked immunoassay (ELISA). In a group of 21 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To review retrospectively the combined clinical experience with the surgical treatment of persistently symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux (SGER) in childhood from seven large children's surgery centers in the United States. DESIGN During the past 20 years, 7467 children <18 years of age underwent antireflux operations for SGER at the seven(More)
Progressive multi-focal leucoencephalopathy and progressive multi-focal leucoencephalopathy-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome are caused by infection of the central nervous system with the JC polyoma virus. Both are complications of monoclonal antibody therapy in multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases. Progressive multi-focal(More)
The analysis of 14-3-3 protein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was shown to be highly sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). However, the predictive value of this test in the clinical diagnosis of, and its relation to, sporadic, genetic, and iatrogenic CJD cases have yet to be established. CSF samples of suspect CJD cases(More)
Sepsis is a major cause of mortality during the neutropenic phase after intensive cytotoxic therapies for malignancies. Improved management of sepsis during neutropenia may reduce the mortality of cancer therapies. Clinical guidelines on sepsis treatment have been published by others. However, optimal management may differ between neutropenic and(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to assess the mechanisms and patterns of injury and outcome in children with cervical (C) spine trauma. METHODS We reviewed the National Pediatric Trauma Registry between April 1994 and March 1999 and identified (by ICD-9 criteria) all cases of blunt trauma victims with cervical fractures, dislocations, and spinal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the sensitivity, specificity, and interobserver reliability of periodic sharp wave complexes in the electroencephalograms of patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. DESIGN Sixty-eight electroencephalograms in 29 patients who had been suspected of having Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease were reanalyzed by an investigator who was unaware of(More)
Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle was recently reported as a novel tumor entity of the central nervous system with characteristic clinical and histopathological features (Brat et al., J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 57: 283-290, 1998). Here, we report on a histopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic analysis of five cases of this rare(More)
OBJECTIVES European Society of Hypertension guidelines recommend use of carotid- femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) as a favored measure of aortic stiffness. However, there is no consensus on the measurement of distance travelled by the pulse wave along the aorta to the femoral artery. The aim of our study was to compare cfPWV, calculated with commonly(More)