Learn More
Ophthalmoplegic migraine is a rare condition, previously thought to represent a variant of migraine. Recent observations regarding its usual clinical presentation and common magnetic resonance imaging findings have given rise to speculation that this illness is more likely to represent an inflammatory cranial neuropathy. The recent revision of the(More)
Migraine headache is routinely managed using medications that abort attacks as they occur. An alternative approach to migraine management is based on prophylactic medications that reduce attack frequency. One approach has been based on local intramuscular injections of Botulinum Toxin Type A (BTX-A). Here, we explored for neurological markers that might(More)
A case of familial paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis (PDC) documented by video/EEG monitoring is described. The father of the proband is affected by exertional cramping but not PDC, lending support to the previous hypothesis that exertional cramping may represent a "forme fruste" or the incomplete expression of PDC. Other family members affected by PDC(More)
BACKGROUND Evaluation of the headache patient in the outpatient clinic and emergency department (ED) has different focuses and goals. The focus of this paper is to review the evaluation of patients in both settings with mention of evaluation in the pediatric and pregnant patient population.  The patient's history should drive the practitioner's decision and(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This article describes current knowledge regarding headache, especially migraine, and includes information on genetics, anatomy, pathophysiology, and pharmacology in order to demonstrate their relevance to clinical phenomenology. RECENT FINDINGS Animal models show that drugs effective in migraine prevention may work by raising the(More)
In the ED, correct diagnosis is the necessary foundation on which specific therapy is based. There is no substitute for obtaining a thorough history and examining the patient competently. Patients with a past history of primary headaches, such as migraine, also may be afflicted with (new) secondary headaches. Although efficiency is desirable from the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess and contrast the relative frequency of a past history of physical and/or sexual abuse in patients with chronic daily headache (CDH) versus migraine. BACKGROUND A number of risk factors have been identified as risk factors for chronification of headache disorders. Limited data exist regarding the influence of physical and/or sexual(More)
Sex and gender differences in humans are being increasingly recognized not only in experimental pain paradigms but also clinically. Women experience various chronic pain conditions such as headache more than men and evidence differences in pain threshold and pain tolerance experimentally. In addition to biological underpinnings, psychosocial factors such as(More)