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BACKGROUND Severity of vertical impact to the coccyx can range from mere contusion to a dislocated fracture of the coccyx. With early conservative management, most patients have a good prognosis and heal within weeks to months after the initial trauma. Occasionally, persisting symptoms make a surgical intervention with coccygectomy necessary. METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine effectiveness of closed functional bracing for humeral shaft fractures. DESIGN Retrospective. SETTING University. PATIENTS Eighty-seven patients with humeral shaft fractures. INTERVENTION All patients were treated with closed functional bracing. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURED Both subjective and objective criteria were measured.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate three-dimensional sonographic measurements of the thoracolumbar spine in the 16-37 week fetus. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS Two hundred and eighty-nine patients between 16 and 37 weeks of gestation were enrolled at the time of their anomaly scan or routine third trimester scan if fetal size was appropriate for(More)
Patients with severe haemophilia A growing up before the establishment of prophylactic treatment frequently developed significant haemarthropathies. The goal of the following study was to clarify the role of haemarthropathic pain for haemophilic patients. Furthermore, we aimed to determine to what degree daily activities are influenced by the impairment and(More)
Compared to older patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) younger patients are considered to be more active, thereby exposing the implant to significantly higher loads over a much longer period of time. Additionally, cases of secondary osteoarthritis caused by hip dysplasia, femoral head necrosis or rheumatic diseases are much more frequent than(More)
OBJECTIVE Various studies have shown the benefit of the extracorporal shock wave therapy in the treatment of the calcific tendinitis. It was the aim of this study to examine the energy needed to disintegrate a calcific deposit. METHOD By using the in vitro model of the pig shoulder the mechanical effects of different energy levels and impulse rates on the(More)
A comparison was made between 44 humeral fractures treated conservatively with functional bracing (Group 1) and 45 treated by operation with a locking nail (Group 2). Thirty-eight of the 44 patients in Group 1 (86%) and 22 of the 45 patients in Group 2 (47%) regained full movement of the shoulder joint. The functional end results were somewhat better in(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate three-dimensional sonographic volume measurements of the thoracolumbar spine from 16 to 25 weeks of gestation in the normally developing fetus. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS The study included 103 women between 16 and 25 weeks of gestation. They were enrolled at the time of their anomaly scan. None of the(More)
OBJECTIVE An accurate sonographic diagnosis of rotator cuff lesions significantly depends on image quality and on the experience of the operator. The present study was performed to determine whether the use of three dimensional (3D) sonography further increases the diagnostic yield of ultrasound. METHODS In an experimental study 22 artificial rotator cuff(More)
PURPOSE Clinical and radiological evaluation of labral tears remains challenging. It has been shown that intravenous administration of contrast agents produces an MR arthrographic effect without the need for intraarticular injection. This is the first study evaluating this new technique of indirect MR arthrography in diagnosis of glenoid labrum tears. (More)