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The dietary polyphenol resveratrol has been shown to have chemopreventive activity against cardiovascular disease and a variety of cancers in model systems, but it is not clear whether the drug reaches the proposed sites of action in vivo after oral ingestion, especially in humans. In this study, we examined the absorption, bioavailability, and metabolism(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the metabolic fate and disposition of taxol in cancer patients. Five patients received 225 or 250 mg/m2 of taxol together with 100 microCi of [3H]taxol as a 3-hr infusion, followed by cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil. Urine, feces, and blood samples were collected for 120 hr and analyzed for total radioactivity,(More)
The common dietary constituent quercetin was a potent inhibitor of sulfoconjugation of acetaminophen and minoxidil by human liver cytosol, partially purified P-form phenolsulfotransferase (PST), and recombinant P-form PST, with IC50 values of 0.025-0.095 microM. Quercetin inhibition of acetaminophen was noncompetitive with respect to acceptor substrate,(More)
The antitumor drug taxol was metabolized to one major (6 alpha-hydroxytaxol) and two minor metabolites by human liver microsomes. A 10-fold interindividual variability with a Vmax of 1.16 +/- 0.85 nmol/hr/mg of microsomal protein and a Km of 18.0 +/- 12.2 microM was observed for taxol 6 alpha-hydroxylation (mean +/- S.D.; n = 6). The NADPH-dependency and(More)
Although it has been suggested that the intestinal glucose transporter may actively absorb dietary flavonoid glucosides, there is a lack of direct evidence for their transport by this system. In fact, our previous studies with the human Caco-2 cell model of intestinal absorption demonstrated that a major dietary flavonoid, quercetin 4'-beta-glucoside, is(More)
There is mounting evidence from human epidemiological, animal in vivo, and in vitro studies to suggest beneficial effects related to the consumption of quercetin and its glucosides. However, there is limited knowledge on the oral bioavailability of these natural products. This study examined the intestinal epithelial membrane transport of quercetin,(More)
Taxol (paclitaxel) belongs to a new class of antimicrotubule anticancer drugs with clinical activity against common solid tumors and acute leukemias. Preclinical studies have suggested that taxol is not absorbed after oral doses. However, whether the observed low oral bioavailability is the result of poor absorption or extensive presystemic hepatic(More)
1. Chrysin is one of many bioflavonoids with chemopreventive properties in cardiovascular disease and cancer. In an effort better to understand factors that may affect the oral bioavailability of the bioflavonoids from dietary sources, the metabolism of chrysin by cultured intestinal Caco-2 cells and hepatic Hep G2 cells was studied, together modelling(More)
A recent study, identifying several sulfate conjugates, appears to have led to a full qualitative account of propranolol metabolism in man. The objective of the present investigation was to determine the quantitative fate of propranolol, including the relationship between the primary metabolic pathways, i.e. glucuronidation, side-chain oxidation and ring(More)
The benefits of flavonoids as chemopreventive dietary or dietary supplemental agents are still only "potential." Much has been learned about possible mechanisms of action of these agents, but whether they can reach their multiple intended sites of action, particularly in humans, is largely unknown. The biological fate of the flavonoids, including their(More)