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The dietary polyphenol resveratrol has been shown to have chemopreventive activity against cardiovascular disease and a variety of cancers in model systems, but it is not clear whether the drug reaches the proposed sites of action in vivo after oral ingestion, especially in humans. In this study, we examined the absorption, bioavailability, and metabolism(More)
1. Chrysin is one of many bioflavonoids with chemopreventive properties in cardiovascular disease and cancer. In an effort better to understand factors that may affect the oral bioavailability of the bioflavonoids from dietary sources, the metabolism of chrysin by cultured intestinal Caco-2 cells and hepatic Hep G2 cells was studied, together modelling(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the metabolic fate and disposition of taxol in cancer patients. Five patients received 225 or 250 mg/m2 of taxol together with 100 microCi of [3H]taxol as a 3-hr infusion, followed by cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil. Urine, feces, and blood samples were collected for 120 hr and analyzed for total radioactivity,(More)
The common dietary constituent quercetin was a potent inhibitor of sulfoconjugation of acetaminophen and minoxidil by human liver cytosol, partially purified P-form phenolsulfotransferase (PST), and recombinant P-form PST, with IC50 values of 0.025-0.095 microM. Quercetin inhibition of acetaminophen was noncompetitive with respect to acceptor substrate,(More)
The antitumor drug taxol was metabolized to one major (6 alpha-hydroxytaxol) and two minor metabolites by human liver microsomes. A 10-fold interindividual variability with a Vmax of 1.16 +/- 0.85 nmol/hr/mg of microsomal protein and a Km of 18.0 +/- 12.2 microM was observed for taxol 6 alpha-hydroxylation (mean +/- S.D.; n = 6). The NADPH-dependency and(More)
This paper reviews our current understanding of the absorption, bioavailability, and metabolism of resveratrol, with an emphasis on humans. The oral absorption of resveratrol in humans is about 75% and is thought to occur mainly by transepithelial diffusion. Extensive metabolism in the intestine and liver results in an oral bioavailability considerably less(More)
The benefits of flavonoids as chemopreventive dietary or dietary supplemental agents are still only "potential." Much has been learned about possible mechanisms of action of these agents, but whether they can reach their multiple intended sites of action, particularly in humans, is largely unknown. The biological fate of the flavonoids, including their(More)
BACKGROUND Resveratrol is a natural compound suggested to have beneficial health effects. However, people are consuming resveratrol for this reason without having the adequate scientific evidence for its effects in humans. Therefore, scientific valid recommendations concerning the human intake of resveratrol based on available published scientific data are(More)
This study examined the effect of dexamethasone (DEX), 100 mg/kg/day for 3 days, on [3H]taxol metabolism in liver microsomes and hepatocytes of male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. In control rats, two isomeric monohydroxylated metabolites, M1 and M2, were formed. The formation of both metabolites was 2-3 times greater in the male than in the female(More)
A previous study in ileostomy patients indicated that dietary glucosides of the flavonoid quercetin are hydrolyzed efficiently in the intestinal lumen, followed by absorption of a large fraction of the quercetin aglycone. To determine the fate of quercetin, we administered 1.85 MBq (50 microCi) of (14)C-quercetin both orally (100 mg, 330 micromol) and(More)