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The dietary polyphenol resveratrol has been shown to have chemopreventive activity against cardiovascular disease and a variety of cancers in model systems, but it is not clear whether the drug reaches the proposed sites of action in vivo after oral ingestion, especially in humans. In this study, we examined the absorption, bioavailability, and metabolism(More)
There is mounting evidence from human epidemiological, animal in vivo, and in vitro studies to suggest beneficial effects related to the consumption of quercetin and its glucosides. However, there is limited knowledge on the oral bioavailability of these natural products. This study examined the intestinal epithelial membrane transport of quercetin,(More)
Taxol (paclitaxel) belongs to a new class of antimicrotubule anticancer drugs with clinical activity against common solid tumors and acute leukemias. Preclinical studies have suggested that taxol is not absorbed after oral doses. However, whether the observed low oral bioavailability is the result of poor absorption or extensive presystemic hepatic(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the metabolic fate and disposition of taxol in cancer patients. Five patients received 225 or 250 mg/m2 of taxol together with 100 microCi of [3H]taxol as a 3-hr infusion, followed by cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil. Urine, feces, and blood samples were collected for 120 hr and analyzed for total radioactivity,(More)
Although it has been suggested that the intestinal glucose transporter may actively absorb dietary flavonoid glucosides, there is a lack of direct evidence for their transport by this system. In fact, our previous studies with the human Caco-2 cell model of intestinal absorption demonstrated that a major dietary flavonoid, quercetin 4'-beta-glucoside, is(More)
The binding of taxol to human plasma and to individual plasma proteins was studied by equilibrium dialysis. Taxol was found to bind extensively (about 95%) without a significant difference between healthy volunteers and cancer patients. At clinically relevant concentrations (0.1-6 microM), the binding was found to be concentration independent, indicating(More)
Although there is strong evidence to suggest that flavonoid consumption is beneficial to human health, the extent to which flavonoids are absorbed and the mechanisms involved are controversial. Contrary to common dogma, we previously demonstrated that quercetin 4'-beta-glucoside, the predominant form of the most abundant dietary flavonoid, quercetin, was(More)
  • X Wen, T Walle
  • 2006
The metabolic stability of two potential cancer chemopreventive flavones, i.e. 5,7-dimethoxyflavone (5,7-DMF) and 3',4'-dimethoxyflavone (3',4'-DMF), compared with the non-methylated flavone galangin (3,5,7-trihydroxyflavone), was investigated in human hepatic preparations. Galangin, as expected, was extensively metabolized mainly by glucuronidation in(More)
The disposition of the pharmacologically active 4-hydroxypropranolol (HO-P), its glucuronic acid conjugate (HO-P-G), and propranolol were compared after single intravenous and oral doses of propranolol in 6 normal subjects and after long-term therapy in 32 patients with hypertension or coronary artery disease. The areas under the plasma concentration/time(More)
A Phase I and pharmacological study of paclitaxel administered as an outpatient, 3-h i.v. infusion just before a 5-day regimen of daily cisplatinum (CP) and a continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was performed in patients with advanced solid tumors. A secondary objective was to determine the objective response rate to this regimen. Forty-two(More)