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Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a switch of polarized epithelial cells to a migratory, fibroblastoid phenotype, is increasingly considered as an important event during malignant tumor progression and metastasis. To identify molecular players involved in EMT and metastasis, we performed expression profiling of a set of combined in vitro/in vivo(More)
Erk/MAPK and TGFbeta signaling cause epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis in mouse mammary epithelial cells (EpH4) transformed with oncogenic Ras (EpRas). In trials to unravel underlying mechanisms, expression profiling for EMT-specific genes identified a secreted interleukin-related protein (ILEI), upregulated exclusively at the(More)
RE repeats encoded (RERE) was identified recently as a protein with high homology to the atrophin-1 protein, which appears to be causal in the hereditary neurodegenerative disorder termed dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) caused by an abnormal glutamine expansion. We have independently identified RERE in a search for genes localized to the(More)
Polarized hepatocytes expressing hyperactive Ha-Ras adopt an invasive and metastatic phenotype in cooperation with transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta. This dramatic increase in malignancy is displayed by an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), which mimics the TGF-beta-mediated progression of human hepatocellular carcinomas. In culture,(More)
Cellular repressor of E1A-stimulated genes (CREG) has been reported to be a secretory glycoprotein implicated in cellular growth and differentiation. We now show that CREG is predominantly localized within intracellular compartments. Intracellular CREG was found to lack an N-terminal peptide present in the secreted form of the protein. In contrast to normal(More)
In the last 10 years, the area of ELISA and protein-chip technology has developed and enthusiastically applied to an enormous variety of biological questions. However, the degree of stringency required in data analysis appears to have been underestimated. As a result, there are numerous published findings that are of questionable quality, requiring further(More)
Over the last decade biological assays (bioassays) have gained much importance for quality control in biopharmaceutical development and manufacturing. Here we describe the development and validation of a bioassay to determine the biological activity (potency) of the plasmid biopharmaceutical pVGI.1 which encodes the VEGF-C (VEGF-2) protein. This assay was(More)
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