Thomas W. Seale

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The role of genotype as a determinant of biologically based inter-individual differences in vulnerability to substance abuse has received little systematic investigation except in the case of alcohol. This report describes the use of an animal model, the inbred mouse, to identify and to characterize variants with inherently altered susceptibilities to the(More)
3,7-Dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine (DMPX), a caffeine analog that exhibits in vitro selectivity for A2-adenosine receptors, compared to A1-adenosine receptors, has now been investigated with respect to in vivo potency and selectivity. DMPX potently and selectively blocked the actions of the potent A2 adenosine agonist, 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA),(More)
Many animal species exhibit approach-avoidance responses upon the novel placement of a mirror into an individual animal's environment. With a view toward identifying new behavioral measures with qualitatively or quantitatively different responses to anxiolytic agents, we developed a mirrored chamber apparatus for which adult male BALB/cByJ mice showed an(More)
Haemophilus influenzae has an absolute growth requirement for a porphyrin source. This growth requirement can be satisfied in vitro by haem, haemoglobin or the haemoglobin-haptoglobin, haem-haemopexin and haem-albumin complexes. A family of proteins, termed the Hgp proteins, which are essential for utilization of the haemoglobin-haptoglobin complex, has(More)
A wide variety of drugs that have significant human abuse potential have been demonstrated to function as positive reinforcers in animals. The present study was designed to characterize a new mouse model of chronic intravenous drug self-administration. Adult male C57BL/6J mice, implanted with external jugular infusion catheters, were given access to(More)
Very few cases of gigantiform cementoma have been reported, and those associated with a positive family history are especially rare. Confusion exists about the relationship of gigantiform cementoma to florid osseous dysplasia, cementifying fibroma, and diffuse chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis. It has been unclear whether gigantiform cementoma should be(More)
The role of genotype in susceptibility to the behavioral actions of benzodiazepines is not well characterized. To develop a model for such studies, we have characterized the anxiolytic and sedative activities of diazepam in C57BL/6J and A/J inbred mice. C57BL/6J mice were more responsive than A/J mice to diazepam-induced anxiolytic-like activity in the(More)
This study assessed indirect interpersonal exposure to the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, broadcast and print media exposure in the aftermath of the explosion, emotional reactions to media coverage, and posttraumatic stress reactions in children distant from the explosion. A survey was administered to 88 sixth-grade students in the public middle school in a(More)
Haemophilus influenzae requires either heme or a porphyrin and iron source for growth. Microarray studies of H. influenzae strain Rd KW20 identified 162 iron/heme-regulated genes, representing approximately 10% of the genome, with > or =1.5-fold changes in transcription in response to iron/heme availability in vitro. Eighty genes were preferentially(More)
Haemophilus influenzae requires heme for aerobic growth and possesses multiple mechanisms to obtain this essential nutrient. Although an understanding of the heme acquisition mechanisms of H. influenzae is emerging, significant gaps in our knowledge remain. Unresolved issues include the identities of all genes exhibiting altered transcription in response to(More)