Thomas W. Pitts

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Taxol is a clinically active anticancer drug, which exerts its cytotoxicity by the unique mechanism of polymerizing tubulin monomers into microtubules and stabilizing microtubules. Our studies with ovarian (hamster CHO and human A2780) cells showed that taxol is a phase-specific agent that is much more cytotoxic to mitotic cells than interphase cells.(More)
A truncated molecule containing the first 183 amino acid residues of the HIV-1 receptor, CD4, was made by periplasmic secretion in Escherichia coli. The signal sequence from the E. coli proteins OmpA, PhoA, or OmpF was fused to the truncated CD4, under the control of either the trp or the lac promoter. The processed material secreted into the periplasm(More)
A novel series of 4-oxo-4,7-dihydrothieno[2,3-b]pyridine-5-carboxamides have been identified as potential antivirals against human herpesvirus infections resulting from human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), and varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Compounds 10c and 14 demonstrated broad-spectrum inhibition of the herpesvirus(More)
The immunomodulator tilorone hydrochloride was administered (gastric intubation) once to time-pregnant Upj:TUC(SD)spf (Sprague-Dawley) rats in four experiments. In experiment 1, tilorone (250 or 500 mg/kg) was administered on day 10 of gestation. The dams were killed 4 or 72 hr after dosing. Interferon-like activity and drug levels were determined in(More)
We constructed a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) trans-activator cDNA (tat) encoding the N-terminal 76 amino acids of the viral trans-activator followed by two additional amino acids (val and pro). This cDNA encoded a functional trans-activator (TAT) as shown by cotransfection into murine cells with a HIV promoter-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase DNA(More)
Pseudomonas pneumonia was produced in dogs with radiation-induced leukopenia. Treatment of this infection with either gentamicin alone or gentamicin plus daily granulocyte transfusion was compared in a randomized controlled trail. The dogs receiving granulocytes plus gentamicin survived significantly longer than those treated with gentamicin alone (P <(More)
Sera were obtained from 50 individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 or from HIV-1-uninfected individuals before or after vaccination with recombinant gp160. These sera were evaluated for activity antagonistic to the cell-killing activity of the chimeric Pseudomonas exotoxin hybrid protein, sCD4-PE40. For these studies, Chinese hamster(More)