Thomas W. Doebber

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Metformin is a widely used drug for treatment of type 2 diabetes with no defined cellular mechanism of action. Its glucose-lowering effect results from decreased hepatic glucose production and increased glucose utilization. Metformin's beneficial effects on circulating lipids have been linked to reduced fatty liver. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) include three receptor subtypes encoded by separate genes: PPARalpha, PPARdelta, and PPARgamma. PPARgamma has been implicated as a mediator of adipocyte differentiation and the mechanism by which thiazolidinedione drugs exert in vivo insulin sensitization. Here we characterized novel,(More)
Effective therapies for the treatment of obesity, a key element of metabolic syndrome, are urgently needed but currently lacking. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1) is the rate-limiting enzyme catalyzing the conversion of saturated long-chain fatty acids into monounsaturated fatty acids, which are major components of triglycerides. In the current study, we(More)
The thiazolidinediones are novel insulin sensitizers that serve as orally active antidiabetic agents, in rodents, nonhuman primates, and man. We have examined the effects of 4-week oral administration of three thiazolidinediones (AD-5075, BRL 49653, and CS-045) on plasma glucose and triglyceride concentrations in obese hyperglycemic db/db mice. All three(More)
Evidence from three types of experiments indicates that platelet activating factor (PAF)1 is an important mediator of endotoxin-induced hypotension in rats. a) Endotoxin infusion stimulates the time-dependent appearance of PAF in the blood. b) PAF infusion results immediately (less than 30 sec) in hypotension while endotoxin-induced hypotension takes 3-5(More)
Dyslipidemia, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, may be directly linked to diabetic hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. An appropriate dyslipidemic animal model that has diabetes would provide an important tool for research on the treatment of diabetic dyslipidemia. Ten days of high fat feeding in golden Syrian hamsters resulted in a(More)
PPAR gamma is an adipocyte-specific nuclear hormone receptor. Agonists of PPAR gamma, such as thiazolidinediones (TZDs), promote adipocyte differentiation and have insulin-sensitizing effects in animals and diabetic patients. Affymetrix oligonucleotide arrays representing 6347 genes were employed to profile the gene expression responses of mature 3T3-L1(More)
A role for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, PPAR gamma and PPAR alpha, as regulators of energy homeostasis and lipid metabolism, has been suggested. Recently, three distinct uncoupling protein isoforms, UCP-1, UCP-2, and UCP-3, have also been identified and implicated as mediators of thermogenesis. Here, we examined whether in vivo PPAR gamma or(More)
Antidiabetic thiazolidinediones (TZDs) and non-TZD compounds have been shown to serve as agonists of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). Here, we report the identification and characterization of a novel non-TZD selective PPARgamma modulator (nTZDpa). nTZDpa bound potently to PPARgamma with high selectivity vs. PPARalpha or(More)