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The pathological alterations in upper motor neurons were investigated in 27 cases of adult-onset sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). No signficant cytoskeletal alterations were found in the Betz cells of any of the cases except one, although cytoskeletal pathology was consistently present in lower motor neurons. The one case had severe(More)
We present the radiologic and pathologic findings in a boy who presented with diffuse leptomeningeal enhancement and whose clinical status deteriorated over the course of 5 years. During this period, MR images showed progression of the enhancement in the subarachnoid spaces, formation of intraaxial cysts, and hydrocephalus. Autopsy findings revealed diffuse(More)
BACKGROUND Although alcoholics show neurodegeneration after decades of drinking, recent studies with an animal model of binge drinking have found corticolimbic damage after as few as four days. Neurodegeneration can occur through apoptotic or necrotic mechanisms. The goal of this research is to characterize the time course of binge ethanol-induced(More)
The ultrastructural cytopathologic and cytochemical effects of trimethyltin (TMT) neurotoxicity were delineated in hippocampal and pyriform neurons of acutely intoxicated adult rats. TMT produced neuronal necrosis that preferentially involved hippocampal formation pyriform cortex. The first subcellular alterations were multifocal collection of dense-cored(More)
Testican is a putative extracellular heparan/chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan of unknown function that is expressed in a variety of human tissues at widely different levels but is most abundant in the brain. In mice, testican mRNA has been detected only in brain and it is therefore likely to have an important function in the central nervous system. RNA blot(More)
The spatio-temporal spread of axonal degeneration in organophosphorous neuropathy has been studied by means of the teased-fiber technique. Young adult cats were given a single intraperitoneal injection of di-isopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) and were killed 14, 18, 20, 21, and 28 days later by intracardiac perfusion with aldehydes. The cats developed clinical(More)
We examined the eyes of 12 infants who died with the clinical and pathologic diagnosis of the shaken baby syndrome. The ocular histopathologic findings and the neuropathologic findings were compared. Preretinal, intraretinal, and subretinal hemorrhages were observed; hemorrhages of the superficial retinal layers and subsensory retinal space predominated.(More)