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BACKGROUND Although alcoholics show neurodegeneration after decades of drinking, recent studies with an animal model of binge drinking have found corticolimbic damage after as few as four days. Neurodegeneration can occur through apoptotic or necrotic mechanisms. The goal of this research is to characterize the time course of binge ethanol-induced(More)
The concentration of apolipoprotein E (apoE), a high-affinity ligand for the low-density lipoprotein receptor, increases dramatically in peripheral nerve following injury. This endoneurial apoE is thought to play an important role in the redistribution of lipids from the degenerating axonal and myelin membranes to the regenerating axons and myelin sheaths.(More)
Testican is a putative extracellular heparan/ chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan of unknown function that is expressed in a variety of human tissues at widely different levels but is most abundant in the brain. In mice, testican mRNA has been detected only in brain and it is therefore likely to have an important function in the central nervous system. RNA(More)
We examined the primary motor area (PMA, Brodmann area 4) from 23 cases of adult-onset sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with immunocytochemistry using anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein antibody. There was astrocytosis in the middle of the pyramidal cell layer in all cases except for one that did not present any upper motor neuron signs(More)
We examined changes in biosynthetic capacity of sciatic nerve during the early stages of Wallerian degeneration, utilizing a model that permits exclusion of nonresident cells from degenerating nerve. Sciatic nerve segments were placed in either 5-microns pore (allowing infiltration of nonresident cells) or 0.22-microns pore (excluding nonresident cells)(More)
Neuronal alterations in two cases of Werdnig-Hoffmann disease (WH) were investigated immunocytochemically and ultrastructurally. Ballooned neurons (BNs) were found in anterior horn, Clarke's column, dorsal root ganglion and thalamus. Anti-phosphorylated neurofilament antibodies preferentially stained the peripheral perikarya and proximal neuronal processes(More)
The ultrastructural cytopathologic and cytochemical effects of trimethyltin (TMT) neurotoxicity were delineated in hippocampal and pyriform neurons of acutely intoxicated adult rats. TMT produced neuronal necrosis that preferentially involved hippocampal formation pyriform cortex. The first subcellular alterations were multifocal collection of dense-cored(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apo E) is synthesized and released in greatly increased amounts by peripheral nerve following Wallerian degeneration; it has been suggested that this protein may function in the transport of degenerated myelin lipid. The purpose of this study was to determine if the amount of apo E released by rat peripheral nerve is increased following(More)
Neuronal inclusions in lower motor neurons in 23 cases of adult-onset sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were studied immunocytochemically and ultrastructurally. Monoclonal and polyclonal antiubiquitin antibodies recognized four structures in the neuronal perikarya: (1) all Lewy body-like inclusions in 6 cases with a relatively short clinical course,(More)