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  • D J Moloney, V M Panin, S H Johnston, J Chen, L Shao, R Wilson +5 others
  • 2000
Notch receptors function in highly conserved intercellular signalling pathways that direct cell-fate decisions, proliferation and apoptosis in metazoans. Fringe proteins can positively and negatively modulate the ability of Notch ligands to activate the Notch receptor. Here we establish the biochemical mechanism of Fringe action. Drosophila and mammalian(More)
Melanomas are highly heterogeneous tumors, but the biological significance of their different subpopulations is not clear. Using the H3K4 demethylase JARID1B (KDM5B/PLU-1/RBP2-H1) as a biomarker, we have characterized a small subpopulation of slow-cycling melanoma cells that cycle with doubling times of >4 weeks within the rapidly proliferating main(More)
In both Drosophila wings and vertebrate limbs, signaling between dorsal and ventral cells establishes an organizer that promotes limb formation. Significant progress has been made recently towards characterizing the signaling interactions that occur at the dorsal-ventral limb border. Studies of chicks have indicated that, as in Drosophila, this signaling(More)
Heparin-binding growth-associated molecule (HB-GAM) (pleiotrophin) is a highly conserved extracellular matrix-associated protein implicated in a diverse range of developmental processes, including the formation and plasticity of neuronal connections. Using gene targeting, we have in the present study created HB-GAM-deficient mice that are viable and fertile(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease. To elucidate the molecular basis of NAFLD, we performed an exome-wide association study of liver fat content. Three variants were associated with higher liver fat levels at the exome-wide significance level of 3.6 × 10(-7): two in PNPLA3, an established locus for NAFLD, and(More)
Genomic imprinting is a regulatory process that requires a cell to recognize the parental origin of alleles. To understand how these alleles are distinguished, we have assessed changes in the DNA methylation of an imprinted transgene as it switches from one inheritance pattern to another while moving through gametogenesis and embryogenesis. We find that(More)
Vertebrate limb formation is an evolutionarily conserved process programmed by an array of morphogenetic genes. As a result of transgene insertion, we previously identified a mutation at the mouse limb deformity (ld) locus that disrupts embryonic pattern formation, resulting in a reduction and fusion of the distal bones and digits of all limbs as well as(More)
based on antagonistic interactions that suggests how Princeton University in the vertebrate limb proximal–distal specification is Princeton, New Jersey 08544 coordinated with the control of limb bud outgrowth and Quai Ernest-Ansermet 30 Both invertebrates and vertebrates employ homeotic 1211 Geneva 4 genes to produce segmental diversity along the main(More)
The recent identification of a gene residing at the mouse limb deformity (ld) locus permits us to test the hypothesis that disruption of this gene is responsible for an inherited anomaly affecting embryonic pattern formation. The gene gives rise to alternatively processed messenger RNAs that can be translated as a family of related protein products, termed(More)