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The gamma-aminobutyric acid, type A (GABA(A)) receptor is a chloride-conducting receptor composed of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits assembled in a pentameric structure forming a central pore. Each subunit has a large extracellular agonist binding domain and four transmembrane domains (M1-M4), with the second transmembrane (M2) domain lining the pore.(More)
Using subtype-specific Ca-channel blockers, we have characterised the voltage-sensitive Ca2+ currents as well as neurotransmitter release from cultured mouse cerebellar granule cells. The whole cell version of the patch clamp technique was adapted to monitor the isolated Ca-channel currents. The currents were activated at potentials more positive than -40(More)
Accumulating preclinical data suggest that compounds that block the excitatory effect of glutamate on excitatory amino acid receptors may have neuroprotective effects and utility for the treatment of neurodegeneration after brain ischemia. In the present study, the in vitro and in vivo pharmacological properties of the novel glutamate antagonist SPD 502(More)
Induction of chemical anoxia, using sodium azide in cerebellar granule cells maintained in primary culture, was evaluated as an in vitro assay for screening of potential neuroprotective compounds. The purpose of this study was to evaluate sodium azide as an alternative to cyanide salts, compounds which, despite their unfavorable characteristics, are often(More)
The uptake, release, and metabolism of alanine were studied in primary cultures of cerebral cortical neurons or astrocytes and cerebellar granule neurons. All three cell types exhibited a saturable, sodium-dependent uptake of alanine with Km values (microM) of 256 +/- 30, 463 +/- 39, and 292 +/- 39, respectively, and Vmax values (nmol/min/mg) of 15.9 +/-(More)
Accumulating preclinical data suggest that compounds that block the excitatory effect of glutamate on the kainate subtype of glutamate receptors may have utility for the treatment of pain, migraine, and epilepsy. In the present study, the in vitro pharmacological properties of the novel glutamate antagonist 5-carboxyl-2,4-di-benzamido-benzoic acid (NS3763)(More)
The effects of four glutamate receptor antagonists on alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)- and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-responses were evaluated using both in vitro and in vivo electrophysiological techniques: whole cell patch-clamp recordings from cultured mouse cortical neurones and microiontophoresis in the rat hippocampus.(More)
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