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Blindsight refers to remarkable residual visual abilities of patients with damage to the primary visual cortex (V1). Recent studies revealed that such residual abilities do not apply only to relatively simple object discriminations, but that these patients can also differentially categorize and respond to emotionally salient stimuli. The current study(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare treadmill and electromechanical gait trainer therapy in subacute, nonambulatory stroke survivors. The gait trainer was designed to provide nonambulatory subjects the repetitive practice of a gait-like movement without overexerting therapists. METHODS This was a randomized, controlled study(More)
Electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve (VNS) is a new method for the treatment of patients with medically intractable epilepsy. Sixteen patients, ten of whom participated in a larger multicenter double-blind trial on the efficacy of VNS in epilepsy, and six who participated in pilot studies, consented to participate in the present study. Ten patients(More)
The influence of repetitive magnetic transcranial stimulation over the temporo-parietal cortex on verbal comprehension was investigated in 44 healthy subjects. In right-handed subjects, trains of 50 Hz magnetic stimuli over the left hemisphere produced more errors than stimulation over the right hemisphere. The result is not very clearcut, however; thus the(More)
In a 66-year-old woman signs and symptoms of bilateral opercular syndrome (Foix-Chavany-Marie-syndrome) developed progressively over a period of more than 10 years. Facio-linguo-velopharyngeo-masticatory diplegia with automatic-voluntary dissociation was accompanied by motor aphasia and oral apraxia leading to a state of almost complete anarthria. Although(More)
Dementias of the Alzheimer type seem to be frequently accompanied by language disturbances. These may represent a feature which can be of help in distinguishing them from other types of dementias. We used the Aachen aphasia test in 32 patients suffering from Alzheimer dementia according to research criteria, and a mixed sample of 35 patients suffering from(More)
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