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There are two known autosomal dominant genes for the hereditary ulcero-mutilating neuropathies: SPTLC1 (hereditary sensory neuropathy type 1) and RAB7 (Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2B). We report a family with autosomal dominant ulcero-mutilating neuropathy, developing in the teens and characterized by ulcers, amputations, sensory involvement in the(More)
Distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) or distal spinal muscular atrophy (OMIM #182960) is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by an almost exclusive degeneration of motor nerve fibers, predominantly in the distal part of the limbs. Silver syndrome (OMIM #270685) is a rare form of hereditary spastic paraparesis mapped to chromosome 11q12-q14(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a new rating scale for measuring the health impact of cervical dystonia (CD) that includes patients' perceptions and complements existing observer dependent clinician rating scales. METHODS Scale development was in three stages. In Stage 1, a large pool of items was generated from patient interviews (n = 25), expert opinion, and(More)
Perrault syndrome is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous autosomal-recessive condition characterized by sensorineural hearing loss and ovarian failure. By a combination of linkage analysis, homozygosity mapping, and exome sequencing in three families, we identified mutations in CLPP as the likely cause of this phenotype. In each family, affected(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) describes a heterogeneous group of genetic neurodegenerative disorders in which the most severely affected neurons are those of the spinal cord. These disorders are characterised clinically by progressive spasticity and weakness of the lower limbs, and pathologically by retrograde axonal degeneration of the corticospinal(More)
We studied in vivo muscle energy metabolism in patients with Huntington's disease (HD) and dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) using 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Twelve gene-positive HP patients (4 presymptomatic patients) and 2 gene-positive DRPLA patients (1 presymptomatic patient) were studied. 31P-MRS at rest showed a reduced(More)
Primary torsion dystonia (PTD) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous movement disorder. DYT1 on chromosome 9q34 was the first PTD gene to be mapped. A 3-bp (GAG) deletion in this gene was reported to account for almost all early limb-onset generalized PTD. No relationship has been found with DYT1 in patients with prominent craniocervical(More)
Mutations in the SPG7 gene, encoding the mitochondrial protein paraplegin, were the first to be identified in autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia (ARHSP). Four different SPG7 mutations have been described so far in association with both pure and complicated HSP phenotypes. Muscle biopsies from the most severely affected patients have shown(More)
Decisions on treatment choice for patients are based on trials and outcome studies that are wholly dependent upon the scientific quality of the rating scales used. This study reviewed rating scales used in cervical dystonia outcome research to determine the extent that they satisfy recommended criteria for rigorous measurement.
We compared the responsiveness of the Cervical Dystonia Impact Profile (CDIP-58), Medical Outcome Study Short Form-Health Survey (SF-36), Functional Disability Questionnaire (FDQ), and Pain and Activities of Daily Living subscales of the Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS) in participants with cervical dystonia treated with botulinum(More)