Thomas Tilignac

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The ubiquitin-proteasome proteolytic pathway has recently been reported to be of major importance in the breakdown of skeletal muscle proteins. The first step in this pathway is the covalent attachment of polyubiquitin chains to the targeted protein. Polyubiquitylated proteins are then recognized and degraded by the 26S proteasome complex. In this review,(More)
The central role of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in the loss of skeletal muscle protein in many wasting conditions has been well established. However, it is unclear what factors are responsible for the suppression of this system during periods of protein gain. Thus, the aim of these studies was to examine the short-term effects of insulin release and(More)
Chemotherapy has cachectic effects, but it is unknown whether cytostatic agents alter skeletal muscle proteolysis. We hypothesized that chemotherapy-induced alterations in protein synthesis should result in the increased incidence of abnormal proteins, which in turn should stimulate ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent proteolysis. The effects of the nitrosourea(More)
The influence of cancer cachexia and chemotherapy and subsequent recovery of skeletal muscle protein mass and turnover was investigated in mice. Cancer cachexia was induced using colon 26 adenocarcinoma, which is characteristic of the human condition, and can be cured with 100% efficacy using an experimental nitrosourea, cystemustine (C(6)H(12)CIN(3)O(4)S).(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome proteolytic pathway is of major importance in the breakdown of skeletal muscle proteins. The first step in this pathway is the covalent attachment of polyubiquitin chains to the targeted protein. Polyubiquitinylated proteins are then recognized and degraded by the 26S proteasome complex. In this review, we critically analyze recent(More)
The impact of cancer cachexia and chemotherapy on small intestinal protein metabolism and its subsequent recovery was investigated. Cancer cachexia was induced in mice with colon 26 adenocarcinoma, which is a small and slow-growing tumor characteristic of the human condition, and can be cured with 100% efficacy using an experimental nitrosourea,(More)
The development of new pharmacological approaches for preventing muscle wasting in cancer is an important goal because cachectic patients display a reduced response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Xanthine derivatives such as pentoxifylline inhibit tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) production, which has been implicated in the signalling of muscle(More)
The impact of cancer cachexia and chemotherapy on small intestinal protein metabolism and its subsequent recovery was investigated. Cancer cachexia was induced in mice with colon 26 adenocarcinoma, which is a small and slow-growing tumor characteristic of the human condition, and can be cured with 100% efficacy using an experimental nitrosourea,(More)
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