Thomas T Dovan

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Orthopedic injuries often require surgical reattachment of tendon to bone. Tendon ends can be sutured to bone by direct apposition to the bone surface or by placement within a bone tunnel. Our objective was to compare early healing of a traditional surface versus a novel tunnel method for repair of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendon insertion site(More)
PURPOSE Biomechanical studies of standard flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendon to bone repairs show ultimate strengths greater than the applied loads of early motion rehabilitation protocols. Strain data, however, indicate the potential for significant repair site gapping under these physiologic loads. Gaps in excess of 3 mm have been shown to prevent(More)
The concept of intrinsic tendon healing, the idea that tendons can heal primarily without the ingrowth of fibrous adhesions from the surrounding fibrous flexor sheath, has been validated both experimentally and clinically. The goals of the surgical treatment of intrasynovial digital flexor tendon lacerations are twofold: 1) to achieve a primary tendon(More)
The ideal bone graft substitute requires osteoconductive, osteoinductive, and osteogenic components. This study introduces an "in vivo bioreactor," a model in which pluripotent cells are recruited from circulating blood to a vascularized coralline scaffold supplemented with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). The bioreactor generates new, ectopic host(More)
The shoulder joint is a complex structure composed of intricate bony architecture and an ornate system of muscles, tendons, and ligaments. What many refer to as the "shoulder joint" is actually a combination of 4 articulations--the glenohumeral joint, acromioclavicular joint, sternoclavicular joint, and the scapulothoracic articulation. These structures(More)
Silicone implant arthroplasty has been used for more than 40 years for severe rheumatoid disease at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint. Multiple investigations have shown that silicone arthroplasty places the MCP joint in a more extended posture, with some improvement in the total arc of motion. Ulnar drift is also improved, but strength and other(More)
PURPOSE Recent in vivo canine studies have shown incomplete restoration of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) insertion site after transection and repair to the cortical surface of the distal phalanx. Previous biomechanical analyses of tendon to bone surface repair have suggested that repair site gap formation of greater than 3 mm occurs frequently under(More)
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