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1. The modulation of the short-latency stretch reflex during walking at different walking speeds was investigated and compared with the stretch reflex during standing in healthy human subjects. 2. Ankle joint stretches were applied by a system able to rotate the human ankle joint during treadmill walking in any phase of the step cycle. The system consisted(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether repetitive electrical stimulation of the common peroneal nerve (CPN) is associated with changes in the motor response of the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle elicited by focal magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex. Motor evoked potentials (MEP) with a stimulation intensity of 125% of the threshold of the(More)
1. During maintained ankle extension with background torques ranging from 0 to 70 N.m, the ankle extensors were stretched by a 5 degree rotation of the ankle joint. Maximal stretch velocity was 170 degrees/s. Regression analysis of simultaneous measurements of total torque and needle and surface electromyograms (EMG) from the soleus and gastrocnemius(More)
1. Sensory feedback plays a major role in the regulation of the spinal neural locomotor circuitry in cats. The present study investigated whether sensory feedback also plays an important role during walking in 20 healthy human subjects, by arresting or unloading the ankle extensors 6 deg for 210 ms in the stance phase of gait. 2. During the stance phase of(More)
1. The objective of this study was to determine which afferents contribute to the medium latency response of the soleus stretch reflex resulting from an unexpected perturbation during human walking. 2. Fourteen healthy subjects walked on a treadmill at approximately 3.5 km h(-1) with the left ankle attached to a portable stretching device. The soleus(More)
1. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanical response to stretch in normal human ankle dorsiflexors at different levels of voluntary contraction. In an active muscle, the total mechanical response is the sum of the intrinsic response from the contractile apparatus, the response from passive tissues, and the reflex mediated response. Each of(More)
Previously, long-term changes in the motor cortex have been reported after repetitive electrical nerve stimulation (rES) as well as after motor exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the effects of voluntary motor cortical drive and of rES on the motor cortical output in healthy subjects interact with each other. A 30-min exercise(More)
The sensitivity of soleus H-reflexes, T-reflexes, and short-latency stretch reflexes (M1) to presynaptic inhibition evoked by a weak tap applied to the biceps femoris tendon or stimulation of the common peroneal nerve (CPN) was compared in 17 healthy human subjects. The H-reflex was strongly depressed for a period lasting up to 300-400 ms (depression to 48(More)
1. In human subjects, stretch applied to ankle dorsiflexors elicited three bursts of reflex activity in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle (labelled M1, M2 and M3) at mean onset latencies of 44, 69 and 95 ms, respectively. The possibility that the later of these reflex bursts is mediated by a transcortical pathway was investigated. 2. The stretch evoked a(More)
1. We recorded from 239 neurons located in the magnocellular division of the red nucleus of four alert macaque monkeys. At the same time, we recorded electromyographic (EMG) signals from as many as twenty electrodes chronically implanted on muscles of the shoulder, arm, forearm and hand. We recorded EMG signals for periods ranging from several months to a(More)